Download
organizations n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Organizations PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Organizations

Organizations

186 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Organizations

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Organizations

  2. What are Organizations? • Organizations are “social entities that are goal-directed, are designed as deliberately structured and coordinated activity systems and are linked to the external environment.” • Must be flexible!

  3. “Social Entities” • Companies are based on human interaction • Companies are becoming more involved with one another • Companies support social organizations

  4. “Goal-directed” • Types of Organizations • Large and small • Profit and nonprofit • Nonprofit • Chief goal: “Social impact” • Funded by donors and grants

  5. Goal-setting for Profit Firms • Profit • Chief goal: To make $$$$ • Efficiency v. Effectiveness • What ARE our goals? • Stakeholder satisfaction

  6. What else do Organizations do? • Bring together resources to achieve desired goals and outcomes • Produce goods and services efficiently • Facilitate innovation • Use modern manufacturing and information technologies

  7. What else do Organizations do? • Adapt to and influence a changing environment • Create value for owners, customers, and employees • Accommodate ongoing challenges of diversity, ethics, and the motivation and coordination of employees

  8. Open Systems Approach People Raw Materials Finances Information Technology Transformation People Raw Materials Finances Information Technology Transformation Process Inputs Outputs

  9. Organizational Dimensions • Structural • “Internal characteristics of the organization” • Components • Formalization • Specialization • Hierarchy of authority • Centralization • Professionalism • Personnel ratio

  10. Organizational Dimensions • Contextual Dimensions • “The whole organization” • Components • Size • Organizational technology • Environment • Goals and strategy • Culture

  11. “Structured and Coordinated Activity Systems” • Mechanistic v. Organic • Which structure is best?

  12. Mechanistic v. Organic • Structure • Mechanistic- Vertical • Organic- Horizontal • Employee Roles • Mechanistic- Routine tasks • Organic- Empowered tasks • Communication • Mechanistic- Formal channels • Organic- Shared information

  13. Mechanistic v. Organic • Strategic Decisions • Mechanistic- Top management • Organic- Employees • More communication! • Culture • Mechanistic- Rigid (Xerox) • Organic- Adaptive

  14. Level of Analysis Individual Group Organizational External Environment