Children and World War II. Resources Used in the Presentation. Home Life. Physical Damage. Psychological Damage. Shawna Rembold Grade: 9. Home Life.
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Resources Used in the Presentation
Children had to adjust, rather quickly, to many changes in their life during World War two. In Europe, namely London, there were bombings taking place almost every day. Children and their families had to take shelter in the underground bomb shelter that many families had. However, during the blitz of London from 1940-1941, children were accounted for every 1 out of 10 deaths. Because of these bombings, many parents moved their children away from the city and either into manor houses on the countryside, or enrolled them into boarding schools. The parents who were not this fortunate, however sent their children away onto trains. Neither the children, nor the parents knew where they were going, or if they would ever see each other again. Children who stayed back home, had to give up some of their food, called rationing. Families would meet at a place in the city that would provide portions of food and drink to each person in the family.
The less fortunate children who had to stay back home with their families, were targets for distress. After cities were bombed, the children who came out alive, had many injuries. The fires caused burn marks, the debris that fell on the children caused broken bones and loss of limbs. Gas attacks were prevalent. Therefore, children had to wear gas masks no matter where they went. The masks were heavy and hot, often times unbearable. Children suffered from bruises and other marks from poorly fitting gas masks.
Children who suffered from the direct effects of the
war may never be accounted for. Adults and
authority figures did not think that the psychological
damage was very important. Children experienced
death and saw death much earlier than they should
have, therefore forcing the children to grow up too
quickly. The children were mentally scarred for life
and many needed counseling when the war had
ended. Children also had separation anxiety from
being forcefully displaced from their parents,
friends, and siblings.