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Installation

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  1. Installation

  2. Installation • There are three phases to building an LTSP server: • Installing the LTSP utilities • Installing the LTSP client packages • Configuring the services needed by LTSP

  3. Installing the LTSP utilities • Includes utilities for installing and managing the LTSP client packages, and for configuring the services on the LTSP server. • The last version is LTSP 4-2. • Availability in several formats • tgz, rpm, dev • About 40KB. • You can download the rpm version from • http://ltsp.mirrors.tds.net/pub/ltsp/utils/ltsp-utils-0.25-0.noarch.rpm • Other formats can be found in: • http://www.ltsp.org/download/ • Install the package: • rpm -ivh ltsp-utils-0.25-0.noarch.rpm

  4. Installing the LTSP client packages • Run the “ltspadmin” command in a shell. • You will see the administration window. • Choose "Install/Update" option to install the packages.

  5. Installing the LTSP client packages (2) • The LTSP Installer configuration window will appear.

  6. Installing the LTSP client packages (3) • The options that you have are: • Select the source of the packages. • If your computer is connected to Internet type http://ltsp.mirrors.tds.net/pub/ltsp/ltsp-4.2/ • Else you have to download the files and save them in a file. For the LTSP 4-1 version and below you can download the ISO file and burn it into a CD (http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=17723). After you have to specify your source, for example file:///media/cdrecorder if is a CD. • Directory of the client tree. • Accept the default value • Http proxy URL. • If your connections go through one, specify the URL. Otherwise accept the default options • FTP proxy. • The same than before.

  7. Installing the LTSP client packages (4) • Press “a” to select all components and “q” to install them.

  8. Configuring the services needed by LTSP • LTSP relys on 4 services: • DHCP [Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol]: used to lease IPs to clients. • TFTP [Trivial Transfer File Protocol]: to transfer files to clients, like the client software. • NFS [Network File System]: used to mount remote directories. • XDMCP [X Display Manager Controller Protocol]: used to implement graphical login displays.

  9. Configuring the services needed by LTSP (2) • Type “ltspcfg”. • That are the options you have to configure:

  10. Configuring the services needed by LTSP (3) • Runlevel • Select runlevel 5 to indicate that your system is in graphical mode in a network. • Interface selection • Select the current NIC • DHCP • It will create a default dhcpd.conf file and run the service. • TFTP • Enable the service • Portmapper • Used by RPC services, such as NFS

  11. Configuring the services needed by LTSP (4) • NFS • It will create the default configuration file and start the service. • XDMCP • Allow graphical logins in the client. Enable it. • Create /etc/hosts entries • Some services like NFS need to be able to map the IP of a workstation to a host name. Create the entries. • Create /etc/host.allow entries • This file provides security. Create it. • Create the /etc/exports file • This file is used by NFS to determine which directories are allowed to be mounted by remote machines. Create it.

  12. Configuring the services needed by LTSP (5) • Create the lts.conf file • The configuration of each workstation is in this file. • Type “ltspcfg” and “s” to check the configuration.

  13. Workstation specific configuration • For your specific network there are 3 files you need to edit. • /etc/dhcpd.conf • For the DHCP service. • /etc/hosts • For the name/IP address mapping. • /opt/ltsp/i386/etc/lts.conf • Specific configuration of the workstation. • The explanation of how to edit /etc/dhcpd.conf and /etc/hosts goes beyond this paper.

  14. Workstation specific configuration (2) • The file /opt/ltsp/i386/etc/lts.conf includes a default configuration for the clients. [Default] SERVER = 192.168.0.254 XSERVER = auto X_MOUSE_PROTOCOL = "PS/2" X_MOUSE_DEVICE = "/dev/psaux" X_MOUSE_RESOLUTION = 400 X_MOUSE_BUTTONS = 3 USE_XFS = N LOCAL_APPS = N RUNLEVEL = 5

  15. Workstation specific configuration (3) • Use the default values but “SERVER”, specify your server IP address.

  16. Booting workstations • Set up the workstations to boot up. • Hard disk • CD • Floppy disk • Network Interface Card • Technologies • PXE [Pre-boot eXecution Environment] • Etherboot

  17. Booting technologies • PXE [Pre-boot eXecution Environment] • Allows you to boot a computer without hard disk or floppy disk or CD. • It boots from network. • You need a NIC. • It is a feature available in most NICs. • You have to enable PXE in the BIOS setup • This is the process: • Send DHCP requests. • Get IP. • Get the boot file.

  18. Booting technologies (2) • Etherboot • A boot image is required for starting the boot process. • You create a boot image in a CD or floppy disk. • Set up the BIOS to boot from CD/floppy disk. • http://www.Rom-O-Matic.net/ • You also can create the boot image in the NIC • The boot program is written in an EPROM memory. • The EPROM is inserted in a socket in the NIC. • Set up the BIOS to boot from a LAN. • http://www.Rom-O-Matic.net/