Settling the New England Colonies. 7 th Grade Social Studies. Puritans were under constant attack and punishment for cruising the Anglican Church In 1630-40, (ten years after Plymouth) 16,000 people would journey to NE in search of religious freedom and tolerance. The Great Migration.
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Settling the New England Colonies 7th Grade Social Studies
Puritans were under constant attack and punishment for cruising the Anglican Church • In 1630-40, (ten years after Plymouth) 16,000 people would journey to NE in search of religious freedom and tolerance. The Great Migration
In 1629 Charles I issued the Puritans with a charter to form company. • This allowed Puritans to travel across the Atlantic to form their own colony (just north of Plymouth). • This expedition was better organized than Plymouth and Jamestown, settlers brought clothing, tools, food, and livestock with them. Massachusetts Bay Co.
John Winthrop, becomes governor. • Goal was to create a colony that would be a model for all Christian colonies in the new world. • Boston, the capital was located by many rivers and waterways that helped make it a successful trading center. “A City Upon a Hill”
Used the Bible as their guide, they practiced any kind of religion they wanted (very different from England). • Church was ran by the congregation. Church members chose their leader. • Self-governing political unit (first of its kind in America). Commonwealth
Made laws • Included all adult freemen that were members of the church. • Elected the governor and members of General Court. • Laws enforced Puritan ways of thinking. Everyone had to attend long Sunday church services. The rest of the day was focused on bible study, dancing and sports were forbidden. General Court
The puritans did not tolerate any disagreements people had with their religion and therefore many people were driven from the colony. • People who were unhappy traveled to Rhode Island. • Roger Williams, a young minister helped from colony. • A colony that tolerated all types of religion. • Angered Puritans. RHODE ISLAND
Williams believed that the church had too much power in governing the colony. • He believed that the government should not punish people for not belonging to the church and following their own spiritual path. • Basic principal of the American Government today. Separation of Church and State
Massachusetts became over populated with Puritans, so some willingly left to look for better farmland. • Settled in valleys by Connecticut River. • Thomas Hooker, a minister led his congregation to CT. • He believed only church members should have a voice in governing CT. • Wrote Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- the first American Constitution. West to Connecticut
Massachusetts laid claim to both NH and ME. New Hampshire and Maine
Connecticut settlers clashed with Pequot Nation over land. • Colonists were killed in Indian Raids • To seek revenge colonists destroyed Pequot Villages • In 1637, colonists and native allies surprise attacked the Pequot and over 500 men, women, and children were killed. • The tribe was nearly wiped out. Pequot Wars
In 1675, the native and settlers clashed again over southern NE. • Wampanoag chief “King Philip” formed alliances with nearby NA tribes to rise against colonists. • For three years the natives burned towns, killed and kidnapped settlers. • English struck back and kidnapped King Philip’s son and wife- sold them into slavery in the West Indes • In 1676 the war ended with Philip’s death. King Philip’s War