Reasons to move to the New World 1. Religious Freedoms 2. Poverty Plagued 17th Century a) Bad Economy 3. A better Life elsewhere Over crowded and lack opportunity. Settling the New England Colonies. Jamestown 1607. Community. 1. Organize by Religious Belief
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Forced by King James I to leave for Holland
2. Plymouth 1620
3. Mayflower Compact
a) Self-governing Colony based on Majority Rules made up of Church Leaders.
b) Set Precedent for local government based on written agreement and the consent of the governed.
4. Cold Climate, Disease, and hunger.
5. Wanpanoags: Squanto
Taught to fish and grow crops.
1. Puritans: Dissenters: Reform Church from within
2. Great Migration (60,000 to New World)
3. Puritan Revolt “Commonwealth of England” Lord
Protector Oliver Cromwell (1653-1658)
4. Mass. Bay Company 1636
a) Provided Christians with the “Model Community”
b) John Winthrop Governor
c) Bible Commonwealth Covenant or Contract with God
d) Freeman had voting rights.
5. General Court - Legislative Body of Colony
1. A Build a Meeting House
(Town Meetings, Church Services, and Symbol of Unity)
a) Bible based study for education.
b) Scripture to guide Spiritual and Earthly Life.
2. Lived Orderly Lives according to covenant
3. Town officials Inspected Families
4. Food Plentiful
5. Cool Climate was a plus it killed disease.
6. 80% of Children lived to Adulthood (Large Families of 6-7 Children)
1. Overcrowding in Mass Bay
a) Thomas Hooker
2. Fundamental Orders of Conn.
G. Rhode Island
1. Discontent with Puritan Lifestyles
2. 1636 Providence Roger Williams & Anne Hutchinson
a) William’s believed in Separation of Church and State.
b) Challenge King’s Ability to give away Native American's Land.
c) 1644 Officially Charter
1. Toleration Act 1649 : Protect Catholic Minority Rights
a) Indentured Servants 30, 000 to 50, 000 of all kinds of Citizens.
b) Rural Society Limited Education
c) Plantation: Tobacco was Labor intensive
Rise of the Slave Trade
1. Demand for Labors
2. Middle Passage: The Voyage across the Atlantic, A period of time where the slave ventures from his or her Old World of Freedom to the New World of Slavery.
1. Laws designed to prevent and discourage revolts and Escapes.
a) Fugitive Slave Act.
b) Setting the Example
c) Harsh Rules did not Prevent Rebellion
d) 1739 Stono, S.C. Slaves killed 30 Planters; Militia put down insurrection and executed all slaves.
Types of working systems
1. Task System- After completing Chores Slaves worked on their own plots of land.
2. Gang System- Slaves gathered up by head slave and overseers to work the fields in mass. “Slaves work Sun up to Sun down
3 Types of Colonies
a) Corporate or Charter: Joint Stock Companies
1. New England
Established in 1663 by 8 nobleman who were supporters of the King
Small farms and trading markets
Flourished in the colonies due
to the increase in the need for
Options of the Slave
Resistance(Break Tools, Work slow down, Runaway)
Adapt to survive.
Established in 1664 by
1.Carteret/Berkley who were supporters of the King.
2. Small farms and trading markets
1.Founded by the Dutch as New Amsterdam in 1626
2. Safe haven for all types of people
3. James Duke of York takes Colony from Dutch with a shot being fired.
1. James Olgethorpe and followers starts a colony to give poor a fresh start.
2. Give buffer between Plantations of S.C. and Spanish Florida
3. Ga. Prohibits Rum and Slavery
Closed economic system that builds a Nation’s wealth by using colonization to feed the mother country with Raw Materials to become self-sufficient. The colonies are then established as markets to sell finished goods and collect taxes and profits.
1. Favorable Balance of trade.
2. Ports are controlled by Mother country
3. Navigation Acts 1651
A series of mercantilist laws that control the Markets, Taxes, and profits to make sure