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Reasons to move to the New World 1. Religious Freedoms 2. Poverty Plagued 17th Century a) Bad Economy 3. A better Life elsewhere Over crowded and lack opportunity. Settling the New England Colonies. Jamestown 1607. Community. 1. Organize by Religious Belief

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settling the new england colonies

Reasons to move to the New World

1. Religious Freedoms

2. Poverty Plagued 17th Century

a) Bad Economy

3. A better Life elsewhere

Over crowded and lack


Settling the New England Colonies

Jamestown 1607

  • 1. Organize by Religious Belief
  • 2. Developed close knit Culture
  • 3.Developed a distinct and prosperous way of life
the pilgrims
The Pilgrims

1. Separatists

Forced by King James I to leave for Holland

2. Plymouth 1620

3. Mayflower Compact

a) Self-governing Colony based on Majority Rules made up of Church Leaders.

b) Set Precedent for local government based on written agreement and the consent of the governed.

4. Cold Climate, Disease, and hunger.

5. Wanpanoags: Squanto

Shared Food

Taught to fish and grow crops.

First Thanksgiving

massachusetts bay colony
Massachusetts Bay Colony

1. Puritans: Dissenters: Reform Church from within

2. Great Migration (60,000 to New World)

3. Puritan Revolt “Commonwealth of England” Lord

Protector Oliver Cromwell (1653-1658)

4. Mass. Bay Company 1636

a) Provided Christians with the “Model Community”

b) John Winthrop Governor

c) Bible Commonwealth Covenant or Contract with God

d) Freeman had voting rights.

5. General Court - Legislative Body of Colony

the new england way
The New England Way

“Model Community”

1. A Build a Meeting House

(Town Meetings, Church Services, and Symbol of Unity)

a) Bible based study for education.

b) Scripture to guide Spiritual and Earthly Life.

life in mass
Life in Mass

1. Family

2. Lived Orderly Lives according to covenant

3. Town officials Inspected Families

4. Food Plentiful

5. Cool Climate was a plus it killed disease.

6. 80% of Children lived to Adulthood (Large Families of 6-7 Children)

connecticut rhode island
Connecticut & Rhode Island


1. Overcrowding in Mass Bay

a) Thomas Hooker

2. Fundamental Orders of Conn.

G. Rhode Island

1. Discontent with Puritan Lifestyles

2. 1636 Providence Roger Williams & Anne Hutchinson

a) William’s believed in Separation of Church and State.

b) Challenge King’s Ability to give away Native American's Land.

c) 1644 Officially Charter


(Baron Baltimore)

1. Toleration Act 1649 : Protect Catholic Minority Rights

2. Population

a) Indentured Servants 30, 000 to 50, 000 of all kinds of Citizens.

b) Rural Society Limited Education

c) Plantation: Tobacco was Labor intensive

bacon s rebellion violence 1675
Bacon’s Rebellion Violence 1675
  • 1. Landless Laborers and Small Landowners in Debt.
  • a) Settlements along the Western Frontier
  • b) Wanted Native Lands-Refused by Gov’t
  • c) Nathaniel Bacon raised an army to Attack Indians, along with Slaves and Indentures looted Plantations. His death ended Rebellion.
  • Va. House of Burgess cut Taxes and opened Lands to Colonists.

Rise of the Slave Trade

1. Demand for Labors

2. Middle Passage: The Voyage across the Atlantic, A period of time where the slave ventures from his or her Old World of Freedom to the New World of Slavery.

options of the slave
Options of the slave
  • 1 Suicide
  • 2 Adaptation
  • 3 Resistance: Runaway, Break Tools, Work slow down.
  • 1. Quakers
  • 2. Puritans
  • “The Selling of Joseph” “ All men. As they are the son of Adam…. Have equal rights unto Liberty and all other outward comforts of life” By a Puritan Judge Samuel Sewall.
Slave Codes

1. Laws designed to prevent and discourage revolts and Escapes.

a) Fugitive Slave Act.

b) Setting the Example

c) Harsh Rules did not Prevent Rebellion

d) 1739 Stono, S.C. Slaves killed 30 Planters; Militia put down insurrection and executed all slaves.

slave systems
Slave Systems

Types of working systems

1. Task System- After completing Chores Slaves worked on their own plots of land.

2. Gang System- Slaves gathered up by head slave and overseers to work the fields in mass. “Slaves work Sun up to Sun down

ensuring english power in the colonies
Ensuring English Power in the Colonies

3 Types of Colonies

a) Corporate or Charter: Joint Stock Companies

b) Proprietorship

c) Royal

3 Regions

1. New England

2. Middle

3. Southern

settling the carolinas
Settling the Carolinas

Established in 1663 by 8 nobleman who were supporters of the King

Small farms and trading markets

Slavery :

Flourished in the colonies due

to the increase in the need for

Raw Materials.

Options of the Slave


Resistance(Break Tools, Work slow down, Runaway)

Adapt to survive.

new york new jersey
New York/ New Jersey

New Jersey

Established in 1664 by

1.Carteret/Berkley who were supporters of the King.

2. Small farms and trading markets

New York

1.Founded by the Dutch as New Amsterdam in 1626

2. Safe haven for all types of people

3. James Duke of York takes Colony from Dutch with a shot being fired.

pennsylvania and delaware 1681
Pennsylvania and Delaware 1681
  • 1. Charles II repaid debt to William Penn (Proprietor) to establish colony.
  • 2. Haven for Quakers (Abolitionists) and German immigrants
  • 3. Strong policy to pay Native Americans for land and give them lots of respect.
  • 4. Duke of York carves out a portion of; land to become Pa.’s coastline and port.
  • 5. Delaware is established in 1682
georgia 1732
Georgia 1732

1. James Olgethorpe and followers starts a colony to give poor a fresh start.

2. Give buffer between Plantations of S.C. and Spanish Florida

3. Ga. Prohibits Rum and Slavery


Closed economic system that builds a Nation’s wealth by using colonization to feed the mother country with Raw Materials to become self-sufficient. The colonies are then established as markets to sell finished goods and collect taxes and profits.

1. Favorable Balance of trade.

2. Ports are controlled by Mother country

3. Navigation Acts 1651

A series of mercantilist laws that control the Markets, Taxes, and profits to make sure