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Chapter 7 Section 4 Democracy and the Age of Jackson
The Election of 1824 • James Monroe not running for third term. • We were only one party. • 1824’s Election would make differences more obvious.
A Four-Way Race • Four candidates appeared to take Monroe’s place. • John Quincy Adams(Monroe’s Secretary of State) • William Crawford • Andrew Jackson(War hero of Tennessee) • Henry clay
A Troubled Outcome • Jackson won popularity over Adams. • Adams ran strongest in the Northeast. • Neither had a majority of Electoral College. • House of Representatives had to step in.
Jackson Begins His Next Campaign • Jackson criticized Adams a lot. • Jackson Relied on Martin Van Buren. • In 1824, Some states used Popular vote. • White taxpaying men could vote. • Blacks not favored in new state constitutions. • Women still can’t vote.
Jackson Emerges • Andrew Jackson symbol of American Democracy. • Jackson had Military fame. • War of 1812 • Wars against the Creeks and Seminoles.
The Election of 1828 • Jackson’s supports called Democrats. • Jackson won the election no problem. • Owed his victory to Martin Van Buren • Martin revived Jeffersonian partnership (North and South) • Promised to go back to Jeffersonian principles. • Strong states • Weak national government
A New Party Structure • Democrats innovated in party structure. • Disciplined system of local and state committees. • Rewarded faithful with government jobs. • Also rewarded Democratic activists with government jobs. • Critics denounced it. • Called it the “spoils system.”+
Native American Removal • Jackson captured 80% of south vote. • The South expected Jackson’s help(Native Americans) • Five tribes of native Americans were civilized. • Jackson believed Indians should make way. • Didn’t understand their love of forest. • Ignored court order protecting Indians.
Native American Removal(cont.) • Jackson urged Indian Removal act of 1830. • Sought to peacefully trade land with Indians. • Choctaws and Chickasaws reluctantly agreed. • Few stayed behind. • Got violently mistreated by whites. • Jackson continued pressuring Indians for land. • Trail of Tears, 4000 Cherokees died. • Black Hawk’s War fought federal troops (Illinois)