roaring or boring?. Culture of the 1920’s. The three focus areas are:. 1. 3. 2. Mass Media and Celebrities . Jazz Age and society. Women. You will decide if the culture of the 20’s was roaring or boring!. 1. Mass Media.
Mass Media and Celebrities
Jazz Age and society
You will decide if the culture of the 20’s was roaring or boring!
Growth of the mass mediahelped form a common American popular culture during the 1920s
Growth of Mass Media
In 1927 the first film with sound was made.
In The Jazz Singer, Al Jolson sang and theaters
changed to the new
Clara Bow-1st “it girl”
Charles Lindbergh1st transatlantic solo flight son kidnapped
first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic.
Jack Dempsey 1921 world heavyweight champion boxer
“Sultan of Swat” George Herman “Babe” Ruth
On Dec. 6, 1925, the Pottsville Maroons beat the runner-up Chicago Cardinals at Comiskey Park 21-7 in what was widely believed to be the NFL championship game. At the time, the NFL was struggling to survive while college football was king. Pottsville then played the Notre Dame Four Horsemen in an exhibition game in Philadelphia. Experts believed the fledgling NFL was still decades away from competing with college football. But on a last-second field goal the Maroons helped legitimize the NFL by beating Notre Dame 9-7.
Before the game the Frankford Yellow Jackets, the team that would later become the Eagles, protested to the NFL saying the Maroons were violating their “territory.” (The Maroons had beaten the Yellow Jackets, 49-0, to earn the right to play Notre Dame at Shibe Park, later Connie Mack Stadium.) Although no territory rule was ever produced and the Maroons had two affidavits from men who witnessed the phone conversation in which the Maroons’ owner was granted permission to play the game from the league, the NFL upheld the protest and suspended the Maroons, making them ineligible for the championship they had earned on the field. (STUPID EAGLES)
The Four Horsemen of Notre Dame comprised a winning group of players at the University of Notre Dame under coach Knute Rockne. They were the backfield 1924 football team. The players that made up this group were Harry Styuldreher, Don Miller, Jim Crowley and Elmer Layden.
“Outlined against a blue-gray October sky, the Four Horsemen rode again. In dramatic lore their names are Death, Destruction, Pestilence, and Famine. But those are aliases. Their real names are: Stuhldreher, Crowley, Miller and Layden. They formed the crest of the South Bend cyclone before which another fighting Army team was swept over the precipice at the Polo Grounds this afternoon as 55,000 spectators peered down upon the bewildering panorama spread out upon the green plain below”- Grantland Rice
Jazz Age and Society
Jazz became a nationwide craze and the 1920’s came to be called the Jazz Age
Hotspots for jazz were Jazz Clubs.
Most clubs were found in Harlem, in New York City
Ellington's Music lives on today. His old recordings are still available
Even a century after his birth, Duke Ellington is still the king of jazz.
My candle burns at both ends; It will not last the night; But ah, my foes, and oh, my friends – It gives a lovely light.”
Edna St. Vincent Millay
The term stems from a remark made by Gertrude Stein to Ernest Hemingway, “You are all a lost generation.”
Referred to a group of people disconnected from their country and its values.
What does Lost Generation mean?
He and his wife were known for their public antics (swimming in fountains, riding on hoods of taxes, throwing wild parties).
Wrote the Great Gatsby
F. Scott Fitzgerald (wife Zelda Sayre)
Jazz Influences on Art
Images courtsey of wikipedia at http://en.wikipedia.org
A literary and intellectual growth.
A new black cultural identity, a "spiritual coming of age" giving the black community its "first chances for group expression and self determination." Chiefly literary (the birth of jazz is generally considered a separate movement) transformed social disillusionment to race pride.
Harlem Renaissance defined:
He was a poet, short story writer, journalist and playwright who gained fame during this time.
Zora Neale Hurston
She gained fame during the Harlem Renaissance as a writer with her
novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God.
A new type of woman emerged during the 1920’s, breaking the mold!
The word Flapper comes from the word and the image of the movie “The Flapper” which starred Olive Thomas, Clara Bow, Louise Brooks, Colleen Moore, and Joan Crawford.
John Held, Jr (cartoonist) depicted the style and intent of the Flapper. Held drew Flappers wearing their unbuckled galoshes which would make a flapping sound while she walked.
While movies depicted their style and advertised their purpose it was the Gibson Girls who gave Flappers direction.
Gibson Girls were the rebellious women who gained popularity in the 1880s to the early 1900s.
creation of illustrator Charles Dana Gibson. The ideal woman.
-tall, slender, and big bosomed.
Piled her long hair on her head to expose her graceful swan like neck. Back then, that was enough to get a gentleman’s heart pumping. *used to sell everything from saucers and tea cups to pillow covers and fans.
Prohibition enticed them…Testing the waters and defying federal law were something these ladies exercised freely.
They drank as they pleased and broke as many laws as they felt comfortable breaking.
They were unlike generations of women who had been docile and obedient to the household.
These women set the wild atmosphere for the 1920s and are a contributing factor to women’s rights.
After WWI, Flappers expressed themselves without much repression.
WWI opened opportunity for women to work while men fought overseas.
Trench warfare indirectly changed our society as large numbers were slaughtered and American Culture grew mortified with loss.
Americans became more apathetic towards morals.
When the man returned from overseas women were pushed into unemployment.
Frederick Lewis Allen wrote “they found themselves expected to settle down into the humdrum routine of American life as if nothing had happened, to accept the moral dicta of elders who seemed to them still to be living in a Pollyanna land of rosy ideals which the war had killed for them. They couldn't do it, and they very disrespectfully said so.” in his novel about the 1920s.
How did we go from here?
They drank and smoked, favored the single life,
Wore make up and bobbed their hair, and dressed in groundbreaking fashion.
They created their own dance , had their own unique slang , defied any authority.
Bold enough to drive Ford cars (without any prior permission or driving education)Pretty lady, what’s your name?
Snugglepup- a man who frequents petting parties
“ask a man about a dog”- going to buy whiskey Handcuff, manacle- engagement/wedding ring Bimbo- a tough guy
Butt me- I’ll take a cigarette
Bird- to describe an odd man or a women
Don’t take any wooden nickels- don’t do anything dumb
You slay me- that’s funny“
That’s so Jake”, “that’s the bee’s knees”, and “the cat’s pajamas” were used to express approval.