Culture • Culture PPT/Notes • Culture Project
What is Culture? • Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared and passed on by a group Are you born with culture, or is it taught to you? • Culture is learned Who teaches you culture? • family, school, peers What things do we share as • Humans? • Americans? • Texans?
Where do cultures start? • Cultural Hearth – where innovations, ideas, materials and technology begin
How do cultures change and spread? • Innovation • creating something new to meet a need. • Diffusion • spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior • Assimilation • smaller society adopts the culture of a majority group • Acculturation • society accepts or adopts an innovation • Transculturationa process of cultural transformation marked by the influx of new culture elements and the loss or alteration of existing ones
Why do they call it……………..? • Toponymy is the scientific study of place names their origins, meanings. • Examples: Bolivia(South America): "Land of Bolivar" in New Latin, in honor of Simon Bolívar, one of the leading generals in the Spanish American wars of independence. Burkina Faso (Africa): "Land of Honest Men", Moreburkina("honest", "upright", or"incorruptible men") and Dioulafaso ("father's house") Côte d'Ivoire (Africa): "Ivory Coast" in French, from its previous involvement in the ivory trade. • Toponymyis distinct from, though often confused with etymology, which is the study of the origins of words.
Columbian Exchange • widespread exchange of the animals, plants, culture and human populations including slaves, communicable diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres
What culture did America adopt these things from? • Hot Dogs + Hamburgers • German • Chocolate • Aztec • Democratic Government • Greek • Halloween • Celtic • Number system • Hindu-Arab • Hockey • Canadian • Paper Money • Chinese
Cultural Diffusion – Real Life Example • The blues originated in the “field hollars” of southern slaves. • The ancient African call-and-response pattern is the core of the blues. • Recordings of early artists from the 1920’s and 30’s reached Europe before World War II. • Cultural Diffusion!
Blues Diffusion Robert Johnson Led Zeppelin Traveling Riverside Blues Recorded in 1969 • Traveling Riverside Blues • Recorded in 1937
Blues Diffusion Howlin’ Wolf The Doors Back Door Man 1967 • Back Door Man • 1961
Video • https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLm2-cyndPuCmZpK_tLQz3o0ocXKWfmE3C
Activity • Read story and create paragraph using required vocabulary. • Due at end of class for a grade.
What are the 9 Traits of Culture? Language History Religion (beliefs / morals / mores) Food and Shelter (Types / Styles) Education Systems Security/Protection Relationships – Family and Others Political and Social Organizations Creative Expression - Recreation
1. Language • Allows for communication to exist • There are between 3,000 and 6,500 different languages spoken in the world today! • Helps establish cultural identities • Can divide people • Canada - French/English • Oral tradition - Helps pass cultural traits along generations • Dialect • different versions of the same basic language • “You all” vs. “ya’ll” vs. “you guys” • Language Diffusion • Follow trade routes • Blend from other languages • Migration
2. History • What do you know or want to know about your ancestors? - What part(s) of the world are they from? - What were they like? - What obstacles did they have to overcome? - What effect does your family history have on your current life? • Ancestry is the descendancy of a person’s bloodlines. • Genealogy is the research and analysis of ancestry.
3. Religion Major world religions • Christianity - 33% • Islam - 21% • Hinduism - 14% • Buddhism - 6% • Judaism - 2% • Others -25% Morals - How we should act (eg. Your conscience) Mores - Customs and rules of conduct; (eg. rules of the road)
What is religion? The belief in a supernatural power or powers, responsible for the creation and maintenance of the universe Types of Religions? Monotheistic – belief in one god Polytheistic – belief in many gods Animistic or Traditional – belief in the forces of nature
5. Education - How culture is taught or learned Formal – Schools, Universities, Religion (church) In-Formal – Family, Friends, Social Clubs / Groups
6. Security/Protection • Military – National Govt. • Police – Local Govt. • Family - Tribe
7. Relationships – Family and Others • Family • Friends • Classmates / Co-Workers
8. Political and social organization • Government System • Make rules and laws to keep society in order • Clubs • Examples? Boys and Girls, Boy Scouts, FFA, Optimists, • Fraternal organizations • Kiwanis, University, Veterans, Masonic etc.
9. Creative Expression - Recreation • Music • instruments, singing • Art • Paintings, sculpture, photography • Dance • Theater • Literature • Novels, Poems • Architecture • Sports • Outdoor activities • Hobbies
How are cultural regions organized? • Society • a group that shares a geographic region, a sense of identity and a culture • Ethnic groups - a specific group within a society that shares a common language, customs, and heritage • Race (biological)refers to a person's physical appearance, such as skin color, eye color, hair color, etc. • Ethnicity (sociological)relates to cultural factors such as nationality, culture, ancestry, language and beliefs.
Language Creative Expression – Recreation History Religion – Beliefs Morals and Mores Political and Social Organizations 9 Traits of Culture Food and Shelter Relationships – Family Structure - Others Education – Formal and Informal Security and Protection Your Family Culture Create a graphic organizer (similar to the one below) using the 9 Traits of Culture and list at least 2 examples from the 9 Traits of Culture using your family.