Islam The Second largest religion in the world
1.The Five Pillars of Islam • The Five Pillars of Islam- Shahada • The Shahada is the Islamic proclamation that “there is no true God except Allah and Muhammad id the messenger of Allah” • This is the confession Allah is the only true God, and that Allah will do whatever he wants with whoever he pleases. Meaning that whatever Allah says goes! • Muhammad is the greatest prophet of Allah. Allah used Muhammad to convey the last and final revelation.
2. Prayer (Salat) • The Five Pillars of Islam- Prayer • Prayer is the confession of sins, and the purification of the body and soul. • Prayer is performed 5 times a day, the first being at sunrise, and the last at sunset. • They also have name for the prayers. The names for the prayers are as follows: Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Isha, and Maghrib. Maghrib is the sunset prayer, and Isha is the prayer that is performed after sunset. Shurooq is the prayer that is performed after Fajr. It is often overlooked by others who are learning about Islam.
3. Fasting (Saum) • The Five Pillars of Islam- Fasting (saum) • The month of Ramadan is when the worshiper denies his/her daily needs and seeks Allah • Fasting- no drinking, eating, or sexual activities during daylight hours the entire month of Ramadan.
4. Alms-”Charity” (Zakat) • The Fives pillars of Islam- Alms • Alms is Charity given to the poor. Not only does it benefit the poor, but it also makes the giver look more holy to Allah.
5. Pilgrimage- (Hajj) • The Five Pillars of Islam- Pilgrimage (Hajj) • This pilgrimage is given to Mecca. Only if the worshiper is able to give will it be mandatory. This includes a Financial sacrifice and is considered an act of worship. • It is common that most make their pilgrimage the first half and the last month of the Lunar year. • http://www.carm.org/religious-movements/islam/five-pillars-islam
Major Turning Points in Islam Islamic Schism Golden Age Islamic Crusades
Possibly the most important turning point in the history of Islam is the death of the prophet Muhammad in 632 C.E. After his death all nations that practiced Islam went into civil war with each other for over a century.
The Islamic community fought for 138 years because of different beliefs in Allah. The largest group is the Sunnis with around 800,000,000 followers. The second largest group is the Shiites with only about 100,000,000 people. These groups stayed at war with each other for a long time during the schism and today are still separated in the middle east.
The Golden Age of Islam lasted a long time and involved a time of peace within the Muslim people’s lives. It lasted over five centuries and marked the years that the different sects of Islam were still at war with each other but worked against one another in a more peaceful manner.
For about nine centuries, starting in the ninth century, the Romans crusaded into Islamic territory attempting to convert them by force. This was the last major event in Islam history up until the present.
Throughout the years the Muslims have developed notions about themselves. That they are unique, they are superior, that they deserve to be supreme, and they are destined to dominate the world.
Today, the Muslim people still base their beliefs on The Five Articles. They still set their standards of living on The Five Pillars. And they still believe that Allah is the one and only true god.
Now the Muslims celebrate the Fast of Ramadan, which is considered the holiest month in the Islamic faith. During this period of time Muslims will abstain from all food, drink, and conjugal relation from the light of dawn until sundown. This month last from November 17 and ends December 16.
And Muslims retain their belief of the Quran being the spiritual guide for all mankind to live by and is still studied to this day.
Currently there are over 1 billion Muslims in the world. And every single country has a Muslim population. It is the 2nd largest growing religion in the world.