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Tuesday, April 17 th , 2012 RL.9-10.1. Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Today we will catch up so hold on and save questions to the end… Get your computers on

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Tuesday, April 17th, 2012RL.9-10.1. Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text

Today we will catch up so hold on and save questions to the end…

  • Get your computers on
  • Let’s Discuss and Respond to your journal entries
  • Let’s enter all your work into LiveBinder and send me the link
  • Let’s look at the Week One Project: Due Next Tuesday in your livebinder
    • (long term homework)

Journal:

Literature: What is Foreshadowing? Find 2 Examples of Foreshadowing in the text.

Reflection: “Never shall I forget those flames which consumed my faith forever”.

What does this quote mean? Who does it relate to and what theme?

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Foreshadowing:

Foreshadowing takes place throughout the novel, but is a bit different because the novel is told an autobiography told in a memoir-style of writing. The audience knows before even starting the novel that Eliezer will go to a concentration camp and survive.

1.Moshe the Beadle’s witness of the horrors of his deportation isn’t believed. (4- 5)

2.Sense of impending doom as the townspeople refuse to believe that the occupying Germans will harm them. (6-9)

3.Those waiting for deportation are denied water, a basic necessity of human survival. (14)

4.“An open tomb.” (15)

5.Hysterical prophecy of Madam Schaechter: “Jews, listen to me! I can see afire! There are huge flames! It is a furnace!” (23)

6.They begin reciting the prayer of the dead for themselves. (31)

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Notes from Chapter One:

The Jews of Sighet are unable or unwilling to believe in the horrors of Hitler’s death camps, even though there are many instances in which they have glimpses of what awaits them.

The story of Moshe the Beadle, with which Night opens, is perhaps the most painful example of the Jews’ refusal to believe the depth of Nazi evil. It is also a cautionary tale about the danger of refusing to heed firsthand testimony, a tale that explains the urgency behind Wiesel’s own account.

If one of Wiesel’s goals is to prevent the Holocaust from recurring by bearing witness to it, another is the preservation of the memory of the victims.

What is one Theme we can think of from these ideas?

Preservation of Tradition

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Wednesday, April 18th, 2012RL.9-10.1. Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text

Butterflies…

What do Butterflies have to do with the Holocaust?

  • Review Background info on RESISTANCE during the Holocaust
  • Review I never saw another butterfly
  • Review other poems with your literature circles
  • Review for figurative language elements, mark similes, metaphors, tone , personification, rhyme scheme allusions to other works.
  • Using Materials construct a butterfly to hang in memorial to these children (it must include their name and their most relevant line)
  • - Must have in class to share out tomorrow!

Journal:

Literature: What is Tone?

Let’s play the Tone Game

Reflection: How can poetry free us from captivity?

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The form of resistance during the Holocaust encompassed more than armed partisans or militias. It also encompassed artists, writers, poets, musicians, educators, or anyone who faced their suppressors with a victorious spirit of resistance.
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THERESIENSTADT

The Little Fortress at Terezin, a star-shaped thick-walled fortress, had long served as a prison. Few people were incarcerated here from the time it was opened in 1780 to Hitler, the one exception being the assassins of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife in 1914. The Nazis brought political prisoners and others to this hellish place never to emerge again. It was here that many Jewish artists were sent. It was their work which allowed the outside world to know dramatically about life in Theresienstadt or Terezin.

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These artists also stole materials so that the children could surreptitiously create their works of art. Six thousand drawings were hidden and later successfully retrieved to be displayed telling their poignant stories to thousands of viewers in Prague, Israel, and Washington, D.C. This considerable volume of artwork and poetry produced by the children was inspired by the large number of adult artists and intellectuals who stayed at Theresienstadt. The adults held classes and tried to give some sense of normalcy to the lives of the children.

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Frieda Dicker Brandeis

Frieda Dicker Brandeis, a Bauhaus-trained art teacher, brought art supplies rather than extra food or clothing with her when she and all the Jews in her Czech town were sent to the Theresienstadt by the Nazis in 1942.

Until her death two years later, she helped terrorized children forget their troubles, if only temporarily, by engaging them in art projects.

View in Theresienstadt

czech artist bedrich fritta
Czech artist Bedrich Fritta

Bedrich Fritta was head of the Theresienstadt ghetto’s technical department, whose workers were Jewish artists imprisoned in the ghetto. Forced to prepare propaganda for the Germans, whenever possible they also secretly documented the grim reality of their daily lives.

Tommy, a children’s book,was drawn and written as a gift for Bedrich Fritta’s son, Thomas, on his third birthday. He wanted his son to know about all the normal things outside the ghetto walls like trees, birds, flowers and parks. It was a gift of optimism in hopes of a better life in the future.

Fritta perished in Auschwitz, and his wife Hansi died in Theresienstadt. After the war, Thomas was adopted by his father’s friend and fellow artist Leo Hass and his wife Erna, who also recovered the manuscript. It is a poignant symbol reflecting the hopeful spirit of resistance which continues today on the printed pages of Tommy.

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The children of Theresienstadt

Fifteen thousand children under the age of fifteen passed through the Theresienstadt; fewer than one hundred survived. Resistance in this camp can be seen through the words and pictures written and drawn by the young inmates of Theresienstadt. The daily misery of these uprooted children, as well as their hopes, fears, courage, and optimism, is recorded in over 4000 drawings. Of the 15,000 children who passed through between 1941 and 1945 only 132 survived.

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Poems and paintings of the children of Theresienstadt

  • Poems and drawings of the children were hidden at Theresienstadt inside mattresses and stuffed in cracks between the walls of houses. They were recovered after the war. Theresienstadt was unique among concentration camps. This was the fake city of safety, the ruse to fool the world. For anyone who does not know the full story of it, the determined preservation of music, art, education and all that creates culture amidst these appalling conditions is beyond remarkable.
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Helga Weissova

Like many other young children, 12-year-old Helga Weissova drew pictures of what she saw in Theresienstadt.

Growing up in Theresienstadt, she witnessed the Holocaust through a child's clear eyes as it consumed her world.

With crayons and paintbrushes, she recorded institutionalized barbarities and everyday decencies in images that still sear the soul.

Helga was one of just a few who survived to become a living witness to the horrors of life inside Theresienstadt.

Arrival at Theresienstadt

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RESISTANCE THROUGH ART AND POETRY

“In most cases, little is known about the children of Terezin. Camp records generally provided only dates of birth; arrival at Terezin; and departure, destination, and fate. Through their artistic expressions, the voices of these children, each one unique and individual, reach us across the abyss of the greatest crime in human history, allow us to touch them, and restore our own humanity in doing so.” (I Never Saw Another Butterfly)

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1.  How are the dandelions being personified?

The dandelions are being personified by giving them the human quality to “call to the author”. Since dandelions can not talk what the author probably means is that he is attracted to the dandelions.

2. Why does the author, when talking about the ghetto, state, "but I have found my people here”?

The author uses the words,  “but I have found my people here,” because before the Jews were moved into concentration camps they were put into ghettos. So being in the ghetto the author was surrounded by people who were also Jewish.

The Butterfly

The last, the very last,

So richly, brightly, dazzlingly yellow.

Perhaps if the sun’s tears would sing

against a white stone….

Such, such a yellow

Is carried lightly ‘way up high.

It went away I’m sure because it wished to

kiss the world good-bye.

For seven weeks I’ve lived in here,

Penned up inside this ghetto.

But I have found what I love here.

The dandelions call to me

And the white chestnut branches in the court.

Only I never saw another butterfly.

That butterfly was the last one.

Butterflies don’t live in here,

in the ghetto.

4. 6. 1942 PavelFriedmann