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The Cold War . What is a Cold War? . WWII left two nations of almost equal strength but different goals Cold War – A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct military conflict.

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what is a cold war
What is a Cold War?
  • WWII left two nations of almost equal strength but different goals
  • Cold War – A struggle over political differences carried on by means short of direct military conflict.
  • Wars over political beliefs broke out BUT the US and USSR never declared war on each other. (i.e. proxy wars -- Korea, Vietnam)
  • Used political and economic pressure to obtain goals
roots of the cold war
Roots of the Cold War

Teheran Conference, 1943:

- USSR (only) would liberate Eastern Europe --US and Britain focus on the western front

Yalta Conference, 1945:

– Stalin pledged to allow democratic elections in E. Europe (but never did)

– Germany would be divided into four zones controlled by U.S., France, Britain and USSR (after war, Soviets did not allow reunification of Germany)

Potsdam Conference, 1945:

– Truman demanded free elections in Eastern Europe but Stalin refused

– Stalin refused to keep promise of rebuilding Eastern Europe and built communist regimes instead.

points of view
Points of View
  • Stalin seemed intent on creating "spheres" of influence in Eastern Europe
  • USSR broke pledges at Yalta &refused to allow reunification of Germany
  • U.S. wanted democracy spread throughout the world with a strong international organization to maintain global peace
  • Democracies traditionally hostile towards communism and the USSR
  • US & Britain did not open western front in Europe early enough
  • The US and Britain left Russia out of the atomic bomb project.

USA

USSR

differing goals lead to tensions
Differing Goals lead to Tensions
  • Encourage democracy/ Rebuild European governments to promote stability
  • Free Trade = Economic Growth = Peace
  • Reunite Germany
  • Encourage communism in other countries
  • Control Eastern Europe to protect borders and rebuild using their resources
  • Keep Germany divided

USA

USSR

today in groups
Today in Groups:
  • Use your textbook to take notes on the Cold War:
    • The United Nations pg. 822
    • Capitalism & Communism pg. 822-826
    • West Vs. East in Europe and Korea pg. 826-828
    • US defeat in Vietnam pg. 828 – 829
    • The Race for Nuclear Supremacy pg.829-830
  • Read, outline & be prepared to discuss the significance with other groups.
    • Focus on the Who, When, Where, and SO WHAT (importance of your event on the Cold War)
slide26

Still a form of protest today

    • Mostly in Tibet
    • http://www.freetibet.org/news-media/na/full-list-self-immolations-tibet