Antigone. with help from Kerry Fiallo, Ashley Reichelmann, Jennifer Seals, and Robin Shoblock. Sophocles (496-406 B.C.E.) . Contributions to the development of theater: Introduction of third actor Reduction of chorus size which led to greater emphasis on the character
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with help from Kerry Fiallo, Ashley Reichelmann,
Jennifer Seals, and Robin Shoblock
The chorus serves as an intermediary between the actors and the audience. They produce imagery through their words to create scenery that in those days did not exist.
The tragic hero “is the sort of person who is not outstanding in moral excellence or justice.”
The bad fortune should befall the tragic hero not from a personal flaw but from a hamartia, or an undeserved outside source.
Antigone is the catalyst for Creon’s downfall.
show me a greater crime in all the earth!
She, she destroys cities, rips up houses,
breaks the ranks of spearmen into headlong rout.
But the ones who last it out, the great mass of them
owe their lives to discipline. Therefore
we must defend the men who live by law,
never let some woman triumph over us.
Better to fall from power, if fall we must,
at the hands of a man—never be rated
inferior to a woman, never.
…If this is the pleasure of the gods, / once I suffer I will know that I was wrong. / But if there men are wrong, let them suffer / nothing worse than they mete out to me— / these masters of injustice! (pg.106, 1017 – 1021).
…Believe me, the stiffest stubborn wills fall the hardest…And I’ve known spirited horses you can break / with a light bit – proud, rebellious horses. / There’s no room for pride, not in a slave, / not with the lord and master standing by. (pg.83, 528-535)
Love!- / you wrench the minds of the righteous into outrage, / swerve them into their ruin – you have ignited this, / this kindred strife, father and son at war / and Love alone the victor… (pg.101, 887-890)
The chorus does not seem to shows pity for Antigone and indicates that she is to blame for all that has happened. Do you agree with the chorus? Why?
Question of ethics- the law of politics and/vs. the law of humanity. What do you think?
Why does Antigone reject Ismene’s attempt to die with her—love or pride?
Does the identity of the tragic hero change from classical times to modern times in “Antigone”?