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- many war-torn veterans from WWII tried to make sense of the madness
- Fear of Nuclear Warfare plague the entire U.S. to raise the value of their lives
- The certainties of the past were called into question
- Racial Equality for all citizens in the U.S.
- It amplified the idea of an individual’s worth in society
- Ethnic and minority writers ,and people, began to wonder how they might fit into mainstream culture
- The growth in diversity brought many different ideals to the U.S.
- The differences in culture, religion, and lifestyles were now accepted
- Respect for other cultures began to emerge
- The values are often portrayed and placed in the media, such as movies and television
- With the growth of modernism, others sought alternatives to redefine the norm
- To redefine the norm, people would question their own consciousness and express their unconventional mindsets
- The focus was now on how major ideas were being communicated
- This affected literature, drama, architecture, journalism and design
- Direct characterization: The writer makes direct statements about a characters personality and tells what the character is like.
-Indirect Characterization: The writer reveals information about acharacter and his personality through that character's thoughts, words, andactions, along with how other characters respond to that character,including what they think and say about him
-Pop-Culture Allusions: The writer makes pop culture references thatinclude movies, television, music, etc.
- Extended Metaphor: A comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.
-novels, short stories
“Catcher and the Rye”
“Hapworth 16, 1924”
“ The Crucible”
“Death of a Salesman”
“The Joy Luck Club”
“The bonesetter’s Daughter”
“ To Kill a Mockingbird”
“ When Children Discover America”
-memoirs, short stories
“The Things They Carried”
“If I Die in a Combat Zone”
“The Autobiography of Malcolm X”
“This is not bad --
ambling along 44th Street
with Sonny Rollins for company,
his music flowing through the soft calipers
of these earphones,
as if he were right beside me
on this clear day in March,
the pavement sparkling with sunlight,
pigeons fluttering off the curb,
nodding over a profusion of bread crumbs.”
This music is loud yet so confidential.
I cannot help feeling even more
like the center of the universe
than usual as I walk along to a rapid
little version of "The Way You Look Tonight,"
and all I can say to my fellow pedestrians,
to the woman in the white sweater,
the man in the tan raincoat and the heavy glasses,
who mistake themselves for the center of the universe --
all I can say is watch your step,