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Abnormal Psychology Fourth Edition Oltmanns and Emery. PowerPoint Presentation Prepared By Fred W. Whitford Montana State University. Chapter 8 Stress and Physical Health. This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Abnormal Psychology

Fourth Edition

Oltmanns and Emery

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

slide2
PowerPoint Presentation

Prepared By

Fred W. Whitford

Montana State University

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Chapter 8

Stress and Physical Health

  • This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:
  • any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network;
  • preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;
  • any rental, lease, or lending of the program.

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Overview

  • Stress
  • Psychosomatic Disorders
  • Coping
  • Behavioral Medicine
  • Health Psychologists

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Overview

  • Case Study:
    • Stress and Bob Carter’s Heart Attack

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Defining Stress

  • Stress as a Life Event
    • Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS)
  • Stress as Appraisal of Life Events
    • Primary Appraisal
    • Secondary Appraisal

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Amount of Change Caused by the Same Live Events

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Fight or Flight Response
  • Psychophysiological Responses to Stress
    • Cortisol

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Further Thoughts:
    • Tend and Befriend: The Female’s Alternative to Fight or Flight?

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Immune System Responses
    • Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
  • Illness and Chronic Stress
    • General Adaption Syndrome (GAS)

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Coping
    • Problem-Focused Coping
    • Emotion-Focused Coping
    • Outlets for Frustration
    • Repression
    • Predictability and Control
    • Optimism

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Research Close-Up:
    • Disclosure of Trauma and Immunity

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

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  • Health Behavior
    • Following Medical Advice
      • Illness Behavior
    • Social Support

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Classification of Stress and Physical Illness

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  • Brief Historical Perspective
  • Contemporary Approaches
  • Illness as a Cause of Stress

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Criteria for Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Categories of Psychosocial and Environmental Problems

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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The Role of Psychological Factors in Some Familiar Illnesses

  • Cancer
  • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Pain Management

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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The Role of Psychological Factors in Some Familiar Illnesses

  • Sleep Disorders
    • Primary Sleep disorder
      • Dyssomnias
      • Parasomnias
      • Primary Insomnia
      • Primary Hypersomnia
      • Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder
      • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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The Role of Psychological Factors in Some Familiar Illnesses

  • Sleep Disorders
    • Primary Sleep disorder
      • Nightmare Disorder
      • Sleep Terror Disorder
      • Sleepwalking Disorder

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
  • Hypertension
  • Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
  • Myocardial Infarction (MI)

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Typical Symptoms and Associated Features of Hypertension and CHD
    • Systolic
    • Diastolic

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Classification of CVD
    • Angina Pectoris
    • Sudden Cardiac Death
    • Secondary Hypertension
    • Essential Hypertension

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Epidemiology of CVD
    • Risk Factors for CHD
    • Behavior and CHD
      • Type A Behavior
    • Risk Factors for Hypertension

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Etiological Considerations and Research on CVD
    • Biological Factors in CVD
    • Psychological Factors in CVD
      • Cardiovascular Reactivity to Stress
      • Life Stressors and CVD: Job Strain
      • Type A Behavior and Hostility
      • Depression and Anxiety

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Etiological Considerations and Research on CVD
    • Social Factors in CVD
    • Integration and Alternative Pathways

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Research Methods:
    • Longitudinal Research Designs

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease
    • Primary Prevention
    • Secondary Prevention
      • Stress Management
      • Biofeedback
    • Tertiary Prevention
      • Role Playing

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Getting Help

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004

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