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What is Value-Added Agriculture?

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What is Value-Added Agriculture?. Lesson 1. Objectives. List activities that can be used to add value to agricultural products. Describe the personal attributes required to pursue a value-added agriculture enterprise.

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  • List activities that can be used to add value to agricultural products.
  • Describe the personal attributes required to pursue a value-added agriculture enterprise.
  • Distinguish between creating value and capturing value as it applies to value-added agriculture.
  • Compare and contrast the strategies, using real examples, between an agricultural enterprise that creates value and another that captures value.
production agriculture
Production Agriculture
  • Supplier?
  • Consumer?
  • Competition?
  • What would it take to capture profits beyond the production level?
    • What financial resources will be needed?
    • What labor resources will be needed?
  • What might be done to add value to the basic product?
ways value can be added to farm ranch products
Ways value can be added to farm/ranch products

Churning (butter)

Cleaning (wool, beans)

Combining (vegetables)

Cooking (roasted corn)

Cooling (milk)

Culturing (yogurt)

Distributing (vegetable coop)

Drying (fruit)

Extracting (lanolin)

Grinding (corn, wheat)

Handcrafting (apple pie)

Hulling (oats, barley)

Labeling (made in Montana)

Packaging (honey)

Processing (bees wax)

Smoking (jerky)

Spinning (wool, cotton)

Weaving (wool, cotton)

Can you think of others?

other non food examples of value added agriculture
Other non-food examples of value-added agriculture
  • Flower arrangements
  • Garlic braids
  • Grapevine wreaths
  • Willow baskets
  • Wheat straw weavings
  • Sheep and goat milk soaps
  • Mulch
  • Vacation trips for ranch round ups, etc.
creating value vs capturing value
Creating Value vs Capturing Value


relies on products or services that are unique or different from the mainstream equivalent.


  • certified organic products
  • brand image
  • geographic region ID
  • environmental stewardship


usually means capturing some of the value added by processing and marketing.


  • direct marketing
  • joining cooperatives
limitations to creating value
Limitations to Creating Value
  • pose higher production risks
  • It usually requires:
    • learning new production and marketing skills
    • dealing with food safety, labeling, and other regulations
    • coping with liability issues and insurance
capturing value strategy
Capturing-Value Strategy
  • Marketing directly to the consumer can be done on a small or large scale and in a variety of ways.
  • Options for the producer who enjoys direct contact with consumers include selling at farmers’ markets and through community supported agriculture systems.
  • Other options include sales directly to restaurants and local institutions, as well as mail order and Internet sales
created value strategy
Created-Value Strategy
  • Demand for the innovative product or service must usually be created through advertising, promotion, and consumer education
  • Marketing risks may be lower with a created-value strategy
    • Contract agreements for identity-preserved products such as high-lysine corn reduce competition from other producers, for example.
  • Producers will need to learn new marketing skills, carefully assess feasibility, and develop marketing plans for created-value products or services without established marketing channels
looking at the differences
Looking at the Differences
  • Capturing value
    • Soybean Oil Crushing: added about $1 per bushel from the meal and oil produced. The crushing plant faced narrow profit margins and stiff competition - common challenges for captured-value ventures, processing and marketing risks are relatively low.
  • Creating value
    • Soybean Nut: Producing soy nuts that retailed for $3.95 per 9-ounce package adds almost $420 of value per bushel. Product and market development and compliance with food safety and packaging laws all require time and money. However, for the small-volume producer who cannot compete with the large-volume producers on price, targeting niche markets with a created-value strategy offers the highest likelihood of success.
follow up questions
Follow-up Questions
  • Name five activities that add value to agricultural food products.
  • Name five activities that add value to agricultural non-food products
  • What kind of personal attributes should be exhibited by a person planning to pursue a value-added agriculture enterprise?
  • Distinguish between creating value and capturing value.
  • Name three strategies for creating value with wheat.
  • Name three strategies for capturing value with wheat.