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Welcome. Agriculture in Bangladesh : Present position, Problems, Prospects and Policy. Presented by : C.Q.K Mustaq Ahmed Secretary Ministry of Agriculture Date: 01-03-2010. Outline . Bangladesh agriculture at a glance Characteristics
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Presented by : C.Q.K Mustaq Ahmed Secretary
Ministry of Agriculture
Bangladesh agriculture at a glance
Importance of agriculture
Some challenges of agriculture
Climate change and agriculture
Factors related to climate change impact
Consequences of climate change on agriculture
Adapting to climate change
Comprehensive approach to deal with the issues
34.2 million tons
- Additional inputs & Technological change
Self sufficiency in food
31.9 million ton
Strategy for achieving self-sufficiency in food
Food indicates only staple food
Cropping intensity 179%
Irrigated land 56%
Surface water:21% groundwater:79%
Land-man ratio: .06 ha
Mainly subsistence farming
Dependence largely on nature
48% labor force
Source of raw materials as backward and forward linkage for agro based industries
Agriculture determines people’s lives and livelihood of this region
People living in rural areas 77%
Export value 12%
time, logistics support)
Climate change adaptation & mitigation
Developing stress tolerant varieties
Transferring updated information and technologies to the field
Attaining irrigation efficiency
Regaining soil fertility and natural ingredients
Shortage of Agril labour at peak seasons
Heavily depends on natural rainfall, weather & temperature, water level, soil condition etc.
Uncontrolled farming environment
Rice based agriculture greatly depends availability of fresh surface and ground water
Lack of stress tolerant varieties
Changed cropping pattern
Sea Level Rise (SLR)
Loss of homestead and livelihoods
Indiscriminate use of natural resources
Excessive and unplanned urbanization
Unplanned industrial growth
Imbalanced use of agricultural inputs and extreme farming
Effect of industrial pollution by developed countries
Department of Agricultural Extension/Extension service providers
Cyclones 1970, 1991, 2007(Sidr), 2009(Ayla)
Floods 1988, 2000, 2004, 2007
Erratic rainfall (e.g. late rainfall Aug/’09)
Heat and cold waves
Draw down/Declining Water Table
(intensive use of HYV/Hybrid seeds, irrigation, fertilizer, pesticides, etc.)
- higher growth in rural areas, development of agriculture and rural non-farm economic activities as one of the four priority areas to accelerating pro-poor economic growth.
The most important feature of PRSP is the formulation of precise and workable policy matrix, which identifies 22 crucially important strategic goals, fixes up targets against these goals, charts actions already taken, sets future policy agenda and priorities and delineates responsibilities for the concerned ministries.
Agriculture is the determining factor for food security as well as pro-poor development of Bangladesh economy.
The Problems of agriculture are multifaceted. So the ways of addressing the challenges should be comprehensive, global and participatory for sustainable agricultural development.