Importance of Agriculture By: Brad Buckner Chapter 1 2/11/05
Objectives • Explain the meaning of agriculture • Describe why agriculture is important. • Discuss how agriculture has changed. • Identify the role of systems in agriculture.
What is agriculture? • The production and marketing of food and fiber products. • Crops • Animals
Two areas of Agriculture • Production Agriculture Work done on the farm • Agribusiness work done off the farm.
Production Agriculture • Also known as farming or ranching. • Crops are plants that are grown for its products. • Live stock, Cattle poultry, sheep. • Less than 1% are involved in production agriculture.
Agribusiness • 25% of all Jobs are related to agriculture. • Getting products from the farm to the consumer. • This area also consist of professionals such as vets and chemist.
Other areas Of Agriculture • Horticulture • Forestry • Natural Resources
Horticulture • The production of plants for their beauty and usefulness. • Includes ornamentals and food crops. • Lettuce ,apples , nuts
Forestry • The science and art of growing trees and making them into products. • Tree farms is a farm that specializes in growing trees.
Natural resources • Water • Minerals • Wildlife • Oil • Air • soil
Why is agriculture important? We must have food, clothing , and housing.
The solid and liquid material we eat each day. How much food do you eat? Milk 572 lbs. Vegetables 244 lbs. Cereal 189 lbs. Red meat 163lbs. Potatoes 136 lbs. Fruit 124 lbs. Poultry 61 lbs. Fish 15 lbs Food
Clothing • The covering we wear on our bodies. • Fiber is a tiny piece of solid material that is like a thread. • Fiber comes from animals and plants.
Housing • Wood is the product of trees. • Lumber, plywood, furniture
How has Agriculture Changed? • Early settlers lived by hunting and fishing. • They grew few crops and raised a small number of animals. • Native Americans played an important part in the success of the early settlers. • Europe desired products such as cotton, flax, tea, and rice.
Assignment • Cotton gin • John Deere • Jethro Tull • Cyrus McCormick • Steam Engine • Internal Combustion Engine • Gegor Mendel • Fertilizer • Squanto • Henry Ford • Crop farming