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Figurative Language. Literary Response and Analysis 3.5: Define figurative language (e.g., simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification) and identify its use in literary works. Similes. Used to compare two unrelated things using the words…. like. as. or. Similes. Example:.

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figurative language

Figurative Language

Literary Response and Analysis 3.5: Define figurative language (e.g., simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification) and identify its use in literary works.

similes
Similes
  • Used to compare two unrelated things using the words…

like

as

or

similes1
Similes
  • Example:

The kitten is as sweet as pie.

They are being compared because they are both sweet (the pie tastes sweet and the kitten has a sweet personality).

similes2
Similes
  • Example:

Sleeping on the bed was like sleeping on a cloud.

The bed is being compared to a cloud because they are both soft.

simile
Simile
  • Fill in the blank to make a simile:

The jogger was like a _____.

simile1
Simile
  • Fill in the blank to make a simile:

The lady was as pretty as a _____.

metaphors
Metaphors
  • Says that one thing IS something else.
  • Does NOT use….

like

as

or

metaphor
Metaphor
  • Example:

The kitten wasa tiger when playing with yarn.

They are being compared because the kitten is fierce (like a tiger) when playing with yarn.

metaphor1
Metaphor
  • Example:

The backyard ishis jungle.

The backyard is being compared to a jungle, the home of a tiger.

metaphor2
Metaphor
  • Fill in the blank to make a metaphor:

The car is a _________.

snail (slow)

bullet (fast)

gem (pretty)

simile or metaphor
Simile or Metaphor?

S

  • She is as sweet as candy.
  • Brandy runs as fast as a cheetah.
  • Summer vacation was the light at the end of a tunnel.
  • The two friends were like two peas in a pod.
  • He was a fish in the pool.
  • Her mood was a stormy rain cloud.
  • Shawn hopped like a frog across the field.
  • Macy is as quiet as a mouse.
  • She is as sharp as a tack.

S

M

S

M

M

S

S

S

simile or metaphor1
Simile or Metaphor?

M

  • James is a human calculator.
  • The sun was as hot as fire.
  • His messy room was a danger zone.
  • The sound of her voice was like a broken record.
  • The box was as light as a feather.
  • Her hair was silk.
  • Her hands were ice after playing in the snow.

S

M

S

S

M

M

onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia
  • A word that imitates or suggests a sound.

Meow!

Ruff ruff!

onomatopoeia1
Onomatopoeia

Tick Tock

Ding Dong

Drip Drop

onomatopoeia2
Onomatopoeia
  • Write the sound that you hear:

Moo!

Choochoo!

Honk honk!

Quack quack!

Knock knock!

alliteration
Alliteration
  • When two or more words start with the same sound in a sentence.
  • Examples:
    • Five flowers fell to the floor.
    • The baby’s blue bed is broken.
alliteration1
Alliteration
  • Write an alliteration using the first letter of your name:
  • Examples:
    • Allison always appreciatesamazing apples.
    • Marco’s magnificent monkey is mad at the man.
personification
Personification
  • When a writer makes a non-human object or idea seem like a person.
  • It helps paint a vivid picture in the reader’s head.
  • Uses words that are usually used to describe a person.

Personification

personification1
Personification
  • Example:
    • The leaves danced in the wind.

Can leaves actually dance? No, but personification paints a picture of how the wind was blowing the leaves.

personification2
Personification
  • Example:
    • The warm cabin welcomed the family with open arms.

Can a cabin welcome people? Does a cabin have openarms? No, but it describes to the reader that the cabin was very welcoming.

personification3
Personification
  • Example:
    • The flood began to swallow everything in its path.

Can a flood actually swallow things? No, but it describes to the reader how strong the flood was.

hyperbole
Hyperbole
  • An exaggerated statement.
  • A statement that is not meant to be taken literally.
  • Example:
    • I’m so hungry,

I could eat a horse!

You won’t actually eat

a horse. You’re just

super hungry!!

hyperbole1
Hyperbole
  • Example:
      • I have a ton of homework tonight!

You don’t actually have a ton of homework. Maybe just a few ounces of homework.

hyperbole2
Hyperbole
  • Example:
      • My dad is the smartest person in the world!

Probably not. I’m sure there are more people smarter than me!