Definitions • The Geography of Recreation deals with the location and use of recreation facilities • We need to understand the reasons behind selection of activity (Elements of study – Population, Activities, Facilities) • The end results are a product of multiple factors, all interacting and all changeable
Problems The straightjacket of definitions Change over time
NEED FOR DEFINITION The advantage of focus The need for consistency
LEISURE • Disagreements about the meaning of leisure • can you be at leisure if you are disadvantaged? • Webster’s definition - “freedom provided by the cessation of activities, especially time free from work or duties” • Use then as free time, or spare time, or optional time - discretionary time
STATE OF MIND • PIEPER • Leisure is a mental and spiritual attitude, not the inevitable result of spare time, a holiday, a weekend or a vacation. It is, in the first place an attitude of the mind, a condition of the soul.
GOODALL- on recreation - • “ANY PURSUIT OR ACTIVITY, UNDERTAKEN VOLUNTARILY, PRIMARILY FOR PLEASURE AND SATISFACTION, DURING LEISURE TIME”
From the Statement - a set of ideas related to opportunity, choice and a state of mind
Available Opportunities • Opportunity refers to having ‘things to do’ - therefore relating to activities • Planners and managers with the system are responsible for provision of these opportunities
‘Activities’ + recreation and tourism planners • If recreation is ‘activities’ - may lead to:
‘Activities’ + recreation and tourism planners • But useful to Recreation Planners • definition of goals / objectives / targets • planning budgets and investments • providing / locating sites
STATE OF MIND • AVEDON • Recreation: A personal sensation of well-being experienced in the process of anticipating, recalling, or engaging in any activity
STATE OF MIND • GRAY AND GREBEN • Recreation is an emotional condition within an individual human being that flows from a feeling of well being and self satisfaction. It reinforces a positive self-image.
STATE OF MIND • DICTIONARY OF SOCIOLOGY - 1944 • Recreation has its own immediate appeal and is not impelled by a delayed reward beyond itself
Prediction • the relationships are interlinked so all factors are changing - each might have a different direction • How do you predict change or process?
Facilities People - investment Technologies Recreation tends to be fad oriented - therefore quick changes Inertia vs Change