Archaeology Vocabulary. Archaeology. The study of ancient peoples Examining and studying material remains as large as buildings and as small as pottery shards. Archaeologist. A person who studies ancient things They are like detectives, putting together clues from the past
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Archaeology • The study of ancient peoples • Examining and studying material remains as large as buildings and as small as pottery shards.
Archaeologist • A person who studies ancient things • They are like detectives, putting together clues from the past • They examine building, graves, bones, pottery and other artifacts
Artifact • Any object that was made or used by humans • Reveal information about past human behaviour • Small items - pottery, stone, tools, bones with cut marks, coins • Large items – Pyramids, cities
Hypothesis • A tentative and testable guess or premise • Archaeologist make and try to prove their hypothesis using artifacts
Ecofact • Something that was ling at the time it was used by people • Bones - meat they ate • Grains of food in a basket - plants they grew • Clothing from animal skins – littlest piece of pollen on the clothing can tell a story
Site • Anyplace archaeologists find to study • Found in many ways • Through written records, Radar, Satellites and more
Strata • Layer of earth • Stratigraphy is the interpretation of these layers • Top = youngest items • Bottom = oldest items
Grids • Division of an archaeological site into small squares • Used to measure and document the site • Help record the exact location of artifacts
Tools • Trowels of different sizes • Shovels • Brushes (stiff, various sizes • Picks – dental picks • Soil sifter or shaker screen • Cameras, notebooks
Fossils • The remains or imprint of plans and animals
Casts • Made by pouring into moulds and hardening