Ms. Hazar H. Shehadeh South Texas College. APA Documentation Style. Objectives. Following this lecture, you should be able to: Document you paper following the APA format. Use in-text citation (parenthetical citation) and references list (bibliographic entries) in your paper. .
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South Texas College
Use p. for one page, pp. for more than one page.
1. One author:
2. Two authors:
3. Three to five authors:
- Since any negotiation of power equation is a political act, feminism is considered a “political attack” (Guerin, Labor, Morgan, Reesman & Willingham, 1999, p. 196). The first time you cite the source
- (Guerin et al., 1999, p. 196) For all other times you cite the same source.
4. Six and more authors:
List the first last name with et al. for all the citations, even the first one.
- (Dranganski et al., 2006, p. 6317)
5.Author named within the sentence:
6. How to cite when paraphrasing:
When you paraphrase an idea from a source, there is no need to include the page number.
7. Web site:
- It is said that Amiri Baraka’s socialist art is “addressed to the black community, which has, he believes, the greatest revolutionary potential in America” (Harris, 1991). No page numbers
7. Quotes with more than 40words:
APA requires that long quotes (>40 words) to be be double-spaced, indented, and with the quotation marks removed. The period comes before the citation.
The researchers found that in order to implement e-learning programs, it is essential to:
(a) have a clear vision of desired outcome (i.e. ubiquitous, lifelong, access to higher education); (b) an understanding of the current capacity and attitudes of the relevant staff and (c) a coherent set of steps to move from the current situation to the desired outcome. (MacKeogh & Fox, 2009, p.152)
the author’s last name, initials. (year of publication). Book title. The city of publication, State: publisher.
1. A book with one author:
2. A book with two up to seven authors:
List all the names
3. A work with eight or more authors:
List the first six authors’ last names, then put three periods(ellipsis), and then list the last author’s last name.
Prince, P., Billups, Z., Andrews, K., Bisoux, C., Frasier, L., Grey, P., . . . Lanikai, H. (2008). Effects of quitting smoking on EEG activation and attention last for more than 31 days an dare more severe with stress, depnedance, DRD2 A1 allele, and depressive traits. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 6, 249-267. doi: 10.1080/14622200410001676305
Page 198 APA 6th
Author’s last name, initials. (year of publication). Site’s title. Retrieved from http://web address
Organization’s name. (year of publication). Site’s title. Retrieved from http://web address
South Texas College. (2009). Biology instructor pursues nursing degree to become better teacher, mentor. Retrieved from http://news.southtexascollege.edu/?tag=teaching-excellence
No author, not an organization.
Tile of the web site. (year of publication). Retrieved from http://web address
The endangered human. (n.d.). Retrieved fromwww.ecology.com
Author’s last name, initials. (year of publication). Article’s title. Journal’s title, volume number(issue number), page numbers.
The title of journal and volume number are in italics.
Williamson, G.R., & Prosser, S. (2002). Action research: Politics, ethics and participation. Blackwell Science Ltd, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 40(5), 587-593.
Journal article with DOI (digital object identifier):
Author’s last name, initials. (year of publication). Article’s title. Journal’s title, volume number(issue number), page numbers. doi: xx.xxxxxxxxxx
Wood, W. B. (2009). Innovations in teaching undergraduate biology and why we need them. The Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, 25, 5.1-5.20. doi: 10.1146/annurev.cellbio.24.110707.175306
Online journal article:
Author’s last name, initials. (year of publication). Article’s title. Journal’s title, volume number(issue number). Retrieved from http://www.webaddress
Wolfe, P. (1998). How the brain learns: Revisiting effective teaching. EducationalLeadership, 56(3). Retrieved from http://www.aea11.k12.ia.us/prodev/subauthorization/strat1/strat1handout03.pdf
Author’s last name, initials. (Date of publication). Article’s title. Journal’s title, volume number(issue number). Retrieved month day, year, from http://web address
If there is no volume and issue numbers, go to the next point.
Chamberlin, J., Novotney, A., Packard, E., & Price, M. (2008, May). Enhancing worker well-being: Occupational health psychologists convene to share their research on work, stress, and health. Monitor on Psychology, 39(5), 26-29.
Page200 APA 6th
Loureiro, M. L. (2004). Obesity: Economic dimensions of a “super size” problem. Choices. Retrieved from http://www.choicesmagazine.org/2004-3/obesity/2004-3-02.htm
Pages numbers must be preceded with p. (one page) or pp. (more than one page)
Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.
Page200 APA 6th
Plissner, M. (2001, June 23). Learning to love language in a bilingual school. TheNew York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
1. Which one is correct:
In-text citation, one author for one book, we put the author’s last name, year of publication, page # (p. #)
2. Which one is correct:
In-text citation for one book with two authors. We write the authors’ last names using a ampersand (&) between them, date of publication, pp. #. (pp. because it is multiple pages)
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, DC: Author.