Personality. How would you describe your personality?. What is personality?. a pattern of characteristic thinking, feeling and behaving that distinguishes one person from another and is stable over time. Personality defined.
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a pattern of characteristic thinking, feeling and behaving that distinguishes one person from another and is stable over time
scientific study of the whole person in terms of species-typical characteristics and individual differences
species-typical characteristics concern how individuals are alike
individual differences concerns how individuals are different
Feel… attraction towards another…
Think… it would be wrong to act on this…
Behave… approach and avoidance…
lots of definitions and conceptions
1) lay circles
2) pop psychology
extraverted and outgoing
warm and engaging
Important for a variety of reasons
when working with others
Can personality change?
Begin to stabilize?
psychology (personality psychology)
Personality Psychology = the scientific study of the whole person in terms of species-typical characteristics and individual differences
epistemology - the study of knowledge
rationalism = knowledge by exercising the mind
empiricism = one gains knowledge by sensory experience
Induction – “bottom up”
Deduction – “top down”
Ideas move in a dialectical fashion
Future: the opposite of empirical
Self-report: S Data
Peer-report: I Data
Life outcomes: L Data
Watch the person: B Data
What person says about themselves
I Data - “Informant”
2) Peer report
Problem with closeness
leniency or harshness effect
How much money? Arrested? Graduate?