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Personality. Chapter 10. Activity. On a ½ sheet of paper- write a list of words/characteristics that describe your personality (tear off the empty half). Get a partner who knows you- give them the empty half sheet with your name on it Your partner should now describe you.

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  1. Personality • Chapter 10

  2. Activity • On a ½ sheet of paper- write a list of words/characteristics that describe your personality (tear off the empty half)

  3. Get a partner who knows you- give them the empty half sheet with your name on it • Your partner should now describe you

  4. Give the list back to the person • Compare the list you wrote, with the list your partner wrote • Are there similarities & differences? Why?

  5. How are people similar? • How are people different? • What makes you unique?

  6. Personality • A person’s unique and relatively consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving.

  7. Theories of Personality Different theories tell us how and why we have the personality we do.

  8. Psychoanalysis- Freud • Personality is determined from your unconscious desires/ conflicts (sexual & aggressive)

  9. Consciousness • Unconscious- what you don’t know is there- formed in early childhood • Preconscious- you don’t know, but can get easily • Conscious- what you know and can remember

  10. Psychoanalytical Approach

  11. Accessing the Unconscious Mind • The Freudian Slips • Freud's term for these was "faulty action" In every case there is presumed to be an unconscious determinant of the faulty action, which can sometimes be inferred directly from the context.

  12. Psychoanalytical ApproachAccessing the Unconscious Mind • The Freudian Slip - Speech • "As I was telling my husb—" before abruptly breaking off and correcting herself: "As I was telling President Bush." • Condeleeza Rice • Does the Secretary of State have a tormented life??

  13. Psychoanalytical ApproachAccessing the Unconscious Mind • The Freudian Slip - Speech • “Please do not give me any bills, because I cannot swallow them” (Patient meant to say pills, but was really preoccupied by financial stresses) • “You’re the breast dressed woman here.” (Man to his neighbor’s wife at costume party. Should have said best. Does this men he lusts after her?)

  14. Psychoanalytical ApproachAccessing the Unconscious Mind • The Freudian Slip - Body • “Yes, I really like you.” (Hands on hips and legs crossed? Body-language indicates defiance and un-acceptance.) • “No, I never cheated on you.” (Playing with an ear and a shifty gaze? Indicates lying, avoiding the truth.”)

  15. Psychoanalytical ApproachDeveloping Personality • The battle for satisfaction between the unconscious mind and our conscious awareness takes place on three mental battlefields: • ID • EGO • SUPEREGO

  16. Freud’s personality structure • Id- At Birth • Unconscious • Pleasure Principle • Irrational, instinctual, Immediate

  17. Ego- comes with experience • Reality Principle • Part Conscious (un, pre) • Organized, rational, acceptable ways to desire • Mediator

  18. Superego- (5 or 6) • Morality Principle • Partly Conscious (un, pre) • Values, acceptable behavior, “conscience”, guilt-shame-anxiety

  19. Ego Defense Mechanisms • Your EGO must safely and responsibly satisfy your ID, while keeping in mind your SUPEREGO

  20. Too much for the ego= anxiety • Reality is distorted to keep away the anxiety

  21. Defense Mechanism • Your mind’s way of reducing internal stress caused by excess anxiety

  22. Repression Excluding from consciousness all anxiety producing thoughts, feelings, impulses

  23. You can’t remember anything about a car accident you had two weeks ago • The accident produces too much anxiety- so it “goes away”

  24. Regression • Behaving in a way that is characteristic of earlier development (childlike).

  25. My 10 year old is sucking her thumb all of a sudden, she stopped at age 2. • After a divorce (she can’t handle the idea) she reverts back to a “safer” time

  26. Sublimation • The Transfer of unwanted behaviors into something less harmful. • Freud considered it the only healthy defense mechanism

  27. A person who is angry may work out and get in shape as a result • A person that is sexually frustrated may become an artist and release the pent up energy and emotion into great works of art.

  28. Identification • When a person changes some aspect of their personality to be more like others – thus reducing anxiety. • Occurs on a subconscious level – not just mimicking

  29. Reaction formation • Thinking or behaving in a way that is the extreme opposite of unacceptable urges or impulses

  30. Girls have cooties and boys are gross • Pre-puberty will often be frightened of their sexual awakenings so they express the opposite feelings

  31. Undoing • Unconscious repentance that involves atoning for an unacceptable thought or action with a second thought or action

  32. You steal from the grocery store. You give a lot money to the salvation army • You cheat on a test, you buy Mrs. Andes flowers

  33. Displacement • Redirection of impulse toward a “safe” alternative

  34. I go home and kick my dog. • I was really upset because my seniors miss too many days of class, I can’t hurt them, so I pick something I can hurt

  35. Rationalization • Justifying your actions/ feelings with another explanation- not your true feelings

  36. I’m glad I didn’t get into that college- the drive would have been too far. • You were really upset about not getting in, but can’t face that anxiety

  37. Projection • Giving your own unacceptable urges or qualities to others.

  38. I don’t understand how he doesn’t get a detention- he is always late to class! • You have been late 123 times, but you don’t talk about YOU.

  39. A married woman who is sexually attracted to a co-worker accuses him of flirting with him

  40. Denial • Failing to recognize or acknowledge the existence of information that causes anxiety.

  41. No, I don’t have a drinking problem, I can stop anytime I want. • You are an alcoholic- your friends and family all know it, but you won’t admit it.

  42. Defense Mechanisms • Give examples from personal experience of each of the defense mechanisms (see table 10.1, 401). Why do people use defense mechanisms?

  43. Psychosexual stages of development

  44. Psychosexual Stages • Freud’s theory of sexual development • “Sexual” means whatever brings pleasure, not procreation

  45. Different sexual urges are expressed through different parts of the body at different ages. • The “pleasure centers”

  46. If too much or too little “energy” is expressed during each stage- a person can become “fixated” • Fixated stages affect your personality

  47. Oral Stage • Birth to 1 ½ • Pleasure through eating, biting, putting everything in mouth

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