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Old Testament. The Minor Prophets. The Minor Prophets. Short on Words, Long on Truth. Hosea. God’s Covenant Marriage. Overview of Hosea. Hosea 4-13. Hosea 14. Hosea 1-3. Hosea’s Message. Gomer’s… Unfaithfulness Discipline Restoration.

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The Minor Prophets

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the minor prophets

Old Testament

The Minor Prophets

short on words long on truth

The Minor


Short on Words,

Long on Truth



God’s Covenant Marriage

hosea 1 3

Overview of Hosea

Hosea 4-13

Hosea 14

Hosea 1-3

Hosea’s Message

  • Gomer’s…
  • Unfaithfulness
  • Discipline
  • Restoration

The case of God’s covenant lawsuit is set forth, showing how Israel has been the unfaithful bride

Ultimate restoration

Hosea’s Marriage

hosea 6 6 7

Hosea 6:6-7

6 For I delight in loyalty rather than sacrifice,

And in the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.

7 But like Adam they have transgressed the covenant;

There they have dealt treacherously against Me.

hosea 14 1 2

Hosea 14:1-2

1 Return, O Israel, to the LORD your God,

For you have stumbled because of your iniquity.

2 Take words with you and return to the LORD.

Say to Him, “Take away all iniquity,

And receive us graciously,

That we may present the fruit of our lips.”

hosea 14 4 6

Hosea 14:4-6

4 I will heal their apostasy,

I will love them freely,

For My anger has turned away from them.

5 I will be like the dew to Israel;

He will blossom like the lily,

And he will take root like the cedars of Lebanon.

6 His shoots will sprout,

And his beauty will be like the olive tree,

And his fragrance like the cedars of Lebanon.

hosea 14 7

Hosea 14:7

7 Those who live in his shadow

Will again raise grain,

And they will blossom like the vine.

His renown will be like the wine of Lebanon.



The Day of the Lord

joel 2 30 31
Joel 2:30-31

30 And I will display wonders in the sky and on the earth,

Blood, fire, and columns of smoke.

31 The sun will be turned into darkness,

And the moon into blood,

Before the great and awesome day of the LORD comes.

prophecy fulfillment
God’s Spirit to be poured out

Sons and daughters to prophesy

Dreams and visions

Blood and fire, and vapor of smoke

Sun darkened, moon into blood

God’s Spirit was poured out

Men and women prophesied

Dreams and visions given

Blood of Jesus shed and tongues of fire given

Sun darkened at crucifixion

Prophecy & Fulfillment
the prophet of social injustice


The Prophet of Social Injustice

amos 7 14 15

Amos 7:14-15

Then Amos answered and said to Amaziah, “I am not a prophet, nor am I the son of a prophet; for I am a herdsman and a grower of sycamore figs. 15 But the LORD took me from following the flock and the LORD said to me, ‘Go prophesy to My people Israel.’

chapters 1 2


Chapters 1-2

Chapters 3-6

Chapters 7 - 9:10


For three transgressions and for four…

  • You were God’s chosen people (3)
  • Against the women (4)
  • Seek me that you may live (5)
  • Against the men (6)

Judgments against Israel

  • Locusts
  • Fire
  • Plumb line
  • Ripe Fruit
  • Lord by the altar

Five Visions of Judgment

Promise of Restoration…

  • Of Israel
  • Of the nations
  • Forever
  • Damascus
  • Gaza
  • Tyre
  • Edom
  • Ammon
  • Moab
  • Judah
  • Israel
amos 3 1 2

Amos 3:1-2

Hear this word which the LORD has spoken against you, sons of Israel, against the entire family which He brought up from the land of Egypt, 2 you only have I chosen among all the families of the earth; therefore, I will punish you for all your iniquities."

amos 9 11 12

Amos 9:11-12

11 "In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David,

And wall up its breaches;

I will also raise up its ruins,

And rebuild it as in the days of old;

12 That they may possess the remnant of Edom

And all the nations who are called by My name,"

Declares the LORD who does this



Oracle against Edom



  • Edom

640 630 620 610 600 590 580



Kings of Judah




Jerusalem & Temple Destroyed







Fall of




The Compassion of God


• Nineveh


• Jerusalem

jonah 4 1 2

Jonah 4:1-2

But it greatly displeased Jonah, and he became angry. 2 And he prayed to the LORD and said, “Please LORD, was not this what I said while I was still in my own country? Therefore, in order to forestall this I fled to Tarshish, for I knew that Thou art a gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness, and one who relents concerning calamity.

jonah 4 10 11

Jonah 4:10-11

Then the LORD said, “You had compassion on the plant for which you did not work, and which you did not cause to grow, which came up overnight and perished overnight. 11 And should I not have compassion on Nineveh, the great city in which there are more than 120,000 persons who do not know the difference between their right and left hand, as well as many animals?”



Who is like Yahweh?

micah 6 6 7

Micah 6:6-7

6 With what shall I come to the LORD

And bow myself before the God on high?

Shall I come to Him with burnt offerings,

With yearling calves?

7 Does the LORD take delight in thousands of rams,

In ten thousand rivers of oil?

Shall I present my first-born for my rebellious acts,

The fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?

micah 6 8

Micah 6:8

He has told you, O man, what is good;

And what does the LORD require of you

But to do justice, to love kindness,

And to walk humbly with your God?

micah 7 18

Micah 7:18

Who is a God like Thee, who pardons iniquity

And passes over the rebellious act of the remnant of His possession?

He does not retain His anger forever,

Because He delights in unchanging love.

micah 7 19 20

Micah 7:19-20

19 He will again have compassion on us;

He will tread our iniquities under foot.

Yes, Thou wilt cast all their sins Into the depths of the sea.

20 Thou wilt give truth to Jacob

And unchanging love to Abraham,

Which Thou didst swear to our forefathers

From the days of old.



The Prophet of Nineveh’s Destruction

nahum and jonah
Nahum and Jonah
  • Both Nahum and Jonah focus upon Assyria and their capital city of Nineveh.
  • Both Nahum and Jonah contain prophecies of Nineveh's destruction.
  • Both Nahum and Jonah close their books with a question.


The Prayer & Praise of God’s Prophet



Judgment against Judah


640 630 620 610 600 590 580



Kings of Judah




Jerusalem & Temple Destroyed







Fall of


zephaniah 3 11 12
Zephaniah 3:11-12

11 In that day you will feel no shame

Because of all your deeds

By which you have rebelled against Me;

For then I will remove from your midst

Your proud, exulting ones,

And you will never again be haughty

On My holy mountain.

12 But I will leave among you

A humble and lowly people,

And they will take refuge in the name of the LORD.



Call to Complete the Temple

1 1 15




2nd Sermon

3rd Sermon

Closing words to Zerubbabel

I will make you like a signet ring

Question: How can your houses be paneled while God’s house lies desolate?

Question: How does this temple compare with the former temple?

Question: Does the unclean produce clean?


1st Sermon

Response: People came and worked

Response: Latter glory will be greater than the former

Response: A cleansing judgment & future blessings



Visions of Restoration

eight visions

Four Horsemen



Horns and Smiths: Judgment


Measuring Line: Flee Babylon


Joshua the High Priest



Zerubbabel & the Lampstand


Flying Scroll: Judgment

Woman and Basket: Shinar



Four Chariots




A Call for True Justice


A Promise of Future Restoration

Two Burdens

Judgment on Enemies of Israel



The Coming of the Lord



The Final Message

malachi 3 1

Malachi 3:1

“Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says the LORD of hosts

malachi 4 2

Malachi 4:2

But for you who fear My name the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings; and you will go forth and skip about like calves from the stall.