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THE MINOR PROPHETS PowerPoint Presentation
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THE MINOR PROPHETS

THE MINOR PROPHETS

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THE MINOR PROPHETS

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  1. THE MINOR PROPHETS

  2. List in the Bible • Hosea • Joel • Amos • Obadiah • Jonah • Micah • Nahum • Habakkuk • Zephaniah • Haggai • Zechariah • Malachi

  3. Chronological List of the Minor Prophets Early (850-750) Obadiah Joel Jonah Middle (750-700) Hosea Amos Micah Judah (700-600) Nahum Zephaniah Habakkuk Post Exile (520-400) Haggai Zechariah Malachi

  4. Early Prophets • Obadiah(1 chapter) prophesied against Edom • Joel prophesied against Judah after a locust plague, warns of greater national judgment, and foresees a restoration before the final end of the Jewish system 2:28-32 • Jonah prophesied against Nineveh (capital of Assyria) story more about Jonah than Nineveh Because of their repentance, God spared Nineveh

  5. Middle Prophets • Hoseaprophesied against Israel and the Assyrian captivity; God told Hosea to marry a woman predisposed to harlotry as a parallel of Israel’s unfaithfulness to Him. Restoration is also foretold in Hosea’s redemption of his wife from prostitution. • Amos was from Judah but sent to prophesy against Israel; he also prophesied against Israel’s neighbors; a short passage of hope fulfilled in Christ and the church 9:8-15 parallel with Obadiah 19-21 • Micah prophesied against Israel (Assyrian captivity) and Judah (6:8); had much to say about spiritual restoration 4:1-4; 5:2-4

  6. 7th Century B.C. Prophets • Nahumprophesied against Nineveh (Assyria); they fell to Babylon in 612 B.C. • Zephaniah prophesied against Judah, then switched to judgments against neighboring nations and even Babylon. Chapter 3 is prophecy of restoration in context of Josiah’s reforms • Habakkuk complained to God about Judah’s wickedness; God promised to send Babylon to punish Judah; then he wondered how God could use a more wicked nation to punish His people; God assures him of His justice and mercy 2:4

  7. Post (after) Exile Prophets • Haggaiprophesied in 520 B.C.; he rebukes their priorities of building their houses and neglecting God’s house; they rebuilt the temple 70 years after Babylon destroyed it in 586 B.C. 1:5 • Zechariah was with Haggai. He has many Messianic prophecies pointing to fulfillment in Jesus Christ 6:12-13 • Malachi confronted the spiritual indifference of the Jews in the 5th Century B.C.; many good spiritual lessons and two prophecies about John the Baptist 3:1; 4:5-6, Luke 1:16-17

  8. All Prophets • All of the prophets have foretold “these days” the days of the first century Acts 3:24 • Jesus is the center of God’s plan of salvation v. 25-26 • He is the servant of the Lord (Isaiah 40-66) • He is the seed of Abraham Gen. 22:18, Gal. 3:16,26-29 • He blesses us by forgiving us v.26 • When we believe, repent, and are baptizedv.19, 2:38