Carbon By: Evelyn Juarez
Carbon is a solid. • The atomic mass for carbon is 12.0107. • Carbon is a member of group 14 on the periodic table. • The number of protons/electrons for carbon is 6. • Carbon is a nonmetal. • The structure for carbon is hexagonal. • The density of carbon is 293k:2.62g/cm3 • The color of carbon may be black.
The symbol for carbon is “C”. • The name originates from word “carbo” meaning carbon. • Carbon is found in three allotrpoic forms: amorphous, graphite, and diamond. • Graphite is one of the softest known materials while diamond is one of the hardest. • Carbon as microscopic diamonds is found in meteorites. • The diamond is practically pure carbon, while graphite and coal are largely carbon but they contain small amounts of other substances. • The human body is about 18% carbon by weight.
Carbon is used in diamonds, crude oil(petroleum), smoke detectors. • Also graphite carbon is used as charcoal for cooking and artwork. • Carbon is used as brushes in rotating electrical machinery. • Lead in a pencil which is carbon. • Graphite is also used as a lubricant in certain circumstances. • Carbon is used to make carbon dioxide for carbonating beer and soft drinks. • In the form of baking soda it creates gas bubbles that make cookies and cakes light and airy.