the cold war l.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The Cold War

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

The Cold War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

The Cold War. Overview. The Second World War Early Post War years The Cold War. World War 2. Basic timeline: 1936 Italy invades Ethiopia 1938 Germany invades Czechoslavakia 1938 Germany reunites with Austria 1939 Germany/USSR sign non-aggression pact Germany/Italy sign treaty

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Cold War' - donnel

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
  • The Second World War
  • Early Post War years
  • The Cold War
world war 2
World War 2
  • Basic timeline:
    • 1936 Italy invades Ethiopia
    • 1938 Germany invades Czechoslavakia
    • 1938 Germany reunites with Austria
    • 1939 Germany/USSR sign non-aggression pact Germany/Italy sign treaty
    • 1939 Germany invades Poland USSR invades Finland, Poland
    • 1939 Britain, France declare war on Germany
world war 24
World War 2
  • 1940 Germany invades and conquers Denmark, Norway, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands
  • 1940 USSR invades Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia
  • 1940 Treaty signed between Germany, Italy, Japan, Romania
  • 1940 Italy invades Somalia, Egypt, Greece
world war 25
World War 2
  • 1941 Germany invades Yugoslavia, Greece and USSR
  • 1941 Japan attacks China, French Indochina, and the US (Pearl Harbor)
  • 1941 US declares war on Japan, Germany declares war on US, US returns the favor
world war 26
World War 2
  • 1942 Germany invasion of USSR stalls, USSR mounts counterattack
  • 1942 Britain, US forces stage counterattack for North Africa
  • 1943 Germany/Italy abandon North Africa, Allies invade sicily
  • 1943 Soviet counterattack pushes Germany westward
world war 27
World War 2
  • 1944 USSR pushes Germans back into Poland
  • 1944 Allies invade Italy
  • 1944 D-Day invasion of northern Europe (France)
  • 1944 Soviet troops push into Romania, Bulgaria
  • Allied troops push across France towards Germany
world war 28
World War 2
  • 1945 Soviet troops reach Berlin (April)
  • 1945 German troops in Italy surrender (May)
  • 1945 German unconditional surrender (May 7)
  • 1945 US drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima (August 6) and Nagasaki (August 9)
  • 1945 USSR declares war on Japan (August 8)
  • 1945 Japan surrenders (August 14)
post war
Post War
  • US, UK, and USSR meet at Yalta (February 1945) to begin discussions of how to end war
    • In exchange for Soviet declaration of war on Japan, USSR gets assurances from UK and US that they will respect Soviet security concerns in Eastern Europe
post war10
Post War
  • Potsdam Conference (August 1945)
  • US, UK, and USSR divide up Germany into zones of occupation*
    • *Berlin, the capital, although in the Soviet zone, would itself be divided into 4 zones.
  • All three agree to zones of occupation in former Nazi regimes pending new elections
cold war
Cold War
  • Following Potsdam, Soviet troops slow to withdraw from occupied areas
  • USSR begins to install friendly governments in occupied territories
  • In 1946, former UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill delivers speech warning of an “Iron Curtain” descending across Europe
cold war12
Cold War
  • President Truman advances the “Truman Doctrine” which pledges US committment to stop spread of communism in the world
  • US Foreign Policy adopts “containment” advanced by George Kenan and published in Foreign Policy magazine
cold war13
Cold War
  • In response to Communist success (or at least communist inroads), US announces Marshall Plan to provide economic relief to war torn Europe (1947)
  • 1948 Communist takeover in Czechoslavakia
cold war14
Cold War
  • In response to growing Soviet presence in Europe, US and UK put together a defensive alliance, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)
cold war15
Cold War
  • 1948-1949 USSR imposes blockade on Berlin in response to US/UK/French plans to create unified German currency and begin unification process
  • US/UK airlift supplies to Berline
cold war16
Cold War
  • 1949 Chinese civil war ends with Mao Zedong’s Communist Forces taking control of the country
  • 1949 Soviets explode their first atomic bomb
cold war17
Cold War
  • These two events lead to serious inquiries as to how this could have occured
  • The immediate solution was that Soviet agents within the US government and US society at large were responsible
cold war18
Cold War
  • House Committee on Un-American Activities forms to investigate subversion with the US
  • Senate has Subcommittee on Investigations to handle similar tasks
cold war19
Cold War
  • June 1950, Korean War begins
  • US uses UN Security Council to get UN authorization to use force to repel invasion
  • 1953, War ends, with ceasefire line established at same line as pre-war border
cold war20
Cold War
  • 1954 CIA backs coups in Guatemala and Iran
  • 1955 USSR creates the KGB, an analog to the US CIA
  • 1955 USSR creates the Warsaw Pact, an analog of NATO
cold war21
Cold War
  • 1954 French forces defeated in French Indochina (Vietnam)
  • US brokers a peace treaty dividing Vietnam in half and calling for national unity elections
cold war22
Cold War
  • 1956 Soviet troops invade Hungary and install pro-Soviet regime
  • US President Eisenhower declines to send troops
cold war23
Cold War
  • 1959 Castro overthrows US supported government in Cuba
  • US backed unsuccessful invasion in 1960 (Bay of Pigs)
cold war fears
Cold War Fears

1960 Nixon political ad

1964 Johnson ad

cold war25
Cold War
  • Arms Race with Soviet Union
    • Mutual Assured Destruction
  • Global scramble to check expansion of Soviet Power
  • Internal search to root out Soviet spies and communist sympathizers