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The Tundra Biome

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  1. The Tundra Biome By Travis Andring

  2. The Tundra • The tundra is split into two different types: Arctic and Alpine • The Tundra has extremely cold climate. • Low Biotic diversity • Simple vegetation structure • Short season of plant growth

  3. The Arctic Tundra: Basics • The growing season ranges from 50-60 days • The average temperature in the winter is -30 degrees F. The average summer temperature is 37-54 degrees F. • Over 1,700 types of plants • No deep root systems • A layer of frozen soil called Permafrost exists in the arctic Tundra.

  4. The Arctic tundra: Plants The Arctic Tundra has many plants including: • Low shrubs • Sedges(a type of grass) • Reindeer mosses • Liverworts • Grass • 400 varieties of flowers

  5. Liverwort Reindeer moss Sedge

  6. The Arctic Tundra: Animals &Mammals • Fish: Cod, flatfish, salmon, and trout • Insects: Mosquitos, moths, grasshoppers, and arctic bumblebees. • Birds: Ravens, falcons, loons, snow birds, sandpipers • Carnivores: foxes, wolves, and polar bears • Herbivores: lemmings, voles, caribous, arctic hares, and squirrels.

  7. Flatfish Sandpiper Vole Lemming Polar Bear Cod Wolf Fox Caribou

  8. The Alpine Tundra: Basics • Growing season approximately 180 days. • The soil is well drained(less frozen) • Nighttime temperature is usually below freezing

  9. The Alpine Tundra: Plants The Alpine Tundra has many plants including: • Tussock Grasses • Dwarf Trees • Heaths • Small-leafed shrubs

  10. Dwarf Trees Tussock Grass Heaths

  11. The Alpine Tundra: Mammals & Animals • Mammals: Pikas, marmots, mountain goats, sheep, elk. • Insects: Springtails, beetles, grasshopper, and butterflies • Birds: Grouse like birds.

  12. Grouse like bird Springtail Pikas Marmot Mountain Goats