The Tundra Biome By Travis Andring
The Tundra • The tundra is split into two different types: Arctic and Alpine • The Tundra has extremely cold climate. • Low Biotic diversity • Simple vegetation structure • Short season of plant growth
The Arctic Tundra: Basics • The growing season ranges from 50-60 days • The average temperature in the winter is -30 degrees F. The average summer temperature is 37-54 degrees F. • Over 1,700 types of plants • No deep root systems • A layer of frozen soil called Permafrost exists in the arctic Tundra.
The Arctic tundra: Plants The Arctic Tundra has many plants including: • Low shrubs • Sedges(a type of grass) • Reindeer mosses • Liverworts • Grass • 400 varieties of flowers
Liverwort Reindeer moss Sedge
The Arctic Tundra: Animals &Mammals • Fish: Cod, flatfish, salmon, and trout • Insects: Mosquitos, moths, grasshoppers, and arctic bumblebees. • Birds: Ravens, falcons, loons, snow birds, sandpipers • Carnivores: foxes, wolves, and polar bears • Herbivores: lemmings, voles, caribous, arctic hares, and squirrels.
Flatfish Sandpiper Vole Lemming Polar Bear Cod Wolf Fox Caribou
The Alpine Tundra: Basics • Growing season approximately 180 days. • The soil is well drained(less frozen) • Nighttime temperature is usually below freezing
The Alpine Tundra: Plants The Alpine Tundra has many plants including: • Tussock Grasses • Dwarf Trees • Heaths • Small-leafed shrubs
Dwarf Trees Tussock Grass Heaths
The Alpine Tundra: Mammals & Animals • Mammals: Pikas, marmots, mountain goats, sheep, elk. • Insects: Springtails, beetles, grasshopper, and butterflies • Birds: Grouse like birds.
Grouse like bird Springtail Pikas Marmot Mountain Goats