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simile. assonance. Figurative Language. personification. metaphor. Alliteration. onomatopoeia. What is it?. Figurative language is a word or phrase that departs from everyday literal language for the sake of comparison, emphasis, clarity, or freshness. Simile: a way of describing

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slide1

simile

assonance

Figurative Language

personification

metaphor

Alliteration

onomatopoeia

what is it
What is it?
  • Figurative language is a word or phrase that departs from everyday literal language for the sake of comparison, emphasis, clarity, or freshness
slide3

Simile:

a way of

describing

something by

comparing it with something

else using

"like" or "as"

slide4

I am hungry as a horse.

You run like a rabbit.

She is happy as a clam.

He is sneaky as a snake.

slide5

Metaphor:

A way of describing

something by comparing it

to something else

slide6

The girl was a fish in the water.

The clown was a feather floating away.

slide7

Personification

to compare something

that is not human

as if it had human

characteristics

slide8

The flowers danced in the wind.

The friendly gates welcomed us.

The Earth coughed and choked in all of the pollution.

slide9

Alliteration:

Repetition

of the

first

consonant

slide10

Stan the strong surfer saved several swimmers on Saturday.

Tiny Tommy Thomson takes toy trucks to Timmy’s on Tuesday.

Click here to read more alliterations.

slide11

Assonance:

The repetition

of internal

vowel sounds. Doesn't have to rhyme!!

slide12

Princess Kitty will kiss Timmy T. Tippers’s lips

The pain may drain Drake, but maybe the weight is fake.

slide13

Onomatopoeia:

Words that are

sounds

slide14

Yeeeeee Ahhhhhhhh

Swish swish swish

Chug chug chug!!

Glippp Gluppp Gluppp

slide15
PUN
  • A play on words, or an often humorous use of a word that suggests a different meaning or suggests a similar word with a different meaning.
  • Ex: “I was thrown out of the concert because I could not conduct myself.”
euphemisms
EUPHEMISMS
  • “I Can’t Bear to Tell You”
  • A word or expression we use when we want to be polite so we don’t embarrass others
  • Comes from the Greek words eu (well) and pheme (speak)

EXAMPLES:

Revenue Enhancement ----- Tax Increase

Downsize staff ----- Mass Firings

Pre-Owned ----- Used

oxymorons
OXYMORONS
  • A figure of speech that brings two contradictory terms together.
  • Comes from the Greek words oxys (sharp/keen) and moros (foolish)
  • EXAMPLES:
    • Old news
    • Original copy
    • Plastic silverware
connotations
CONNOTATIONS
  • Extra images and associations that shade a word’s meaning.
  • Careful writers choose words that have just the right connotation to achieve their purpose in writing and to appeal to their reading audience.
how would you complete the phrase
How would you complete the phrase?
  • The ______________ of freshly –brewed coffee filled the kitchen.
  • The perfume’s elegant _________ was worth its high price.
  • The __________ of smoke alerted the family to the fire.
  • We saw a black and white blur of fur rush by the cabin, and soon the _________ of the skunk wafted though the woods.

smell

aroma

odor

fragrance

slide22

Write

a Metaphor…

slide23

Use alliteration and create

title for the book.