Art of the early 20th century Otto Dix, Self-Portrait as a Soldier in a Red Shirt, 1914
Changes in 19th century art Gustave Courbet The Desperate Man 1844-45 Berthe Morisot In the Garden at Maurecourt 1884
“The Wild Beasts”, 1905 Salon d’Automne Donatello au milieu des fauves!" ("Donatello among the wild beasts") -Louis Vauxcelles, art critic Henri Rousseau, The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope,1905
Fauvism Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse, 1905
Cubism Georges Braque, Woman with a Guitar, 1913
Dadaism Hannah Hoch, Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany, 1919
Surrealism Salvador Dali, “The Persistence of Memory”, 1931
Socials 11 - Art HistoryAssignment Ilya Yefimovich Repin Tsar Ivan the Terrible with his son Ivan, 1885 The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow Submitted by: Mrs. Lacroix, block 3/4
Ilya Yefimovich Repin Born in 1844 in the Chuguev district of Russia, Repin became the nation’s leading artist within the Peredvizhniki movement. Trained in the St. Petersburg Academy, Repin would stun the Russian art world with his Barge Haulers. This move away from traditional art created a furor within the artistic community, however, as artists attempted to create a unique Russian art, they were compelled to tell the true story of Russia: those of the poor and downtrodden. Repin’s art would echo the discontent within Russian society as the nation seemed to be on the brink of a socialist revolution. Eventually, the communist government of the U.S.S.R. would adopt Repin’s art as the country’s true national art, as Peredvizhniki art often portrayed the inequities of life in Russia and the abuses of the tsar and his royal court.
Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan was painted in 1885, only 4 years after Tsar Alexander II’s assassination. Although the painting is of Russia’s 16th century Tsar, Ivan Grozny, the image was created at a time when revolution against the Royal family was coming to a head. In the painting we see Ivan holding the lifeless body of his son, Ivan. Russians knew the horrible story of how a father killed his own son after beating his pregnant daughter-in-law for immodest dress. The look of anguish on the father’s face is unmistakable. The use of rich colours, so much blood red, creates a dramatic scene. Perhaps Repin was making a statement about the consequences of a tsar’s foolish actions.
Bibliography http://estrand.bol.ucla.edu/ http://www.abcgallery.com/R/repin/repin.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_IV_of_Russia http://www.geographia.com/russia/rusart01.htm http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSalexander2.htm http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/Eman.html