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figurative language

figurative language

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figurative language

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  1. figurative language • Figurative language involves some sort of imaginative comparison between two things that are not alike. Monday, Oct. 22

  2. Each of these terms is an example of figurative language. • Simile • Metaphor • Personification • Hyperbole Monday, Oct. 22

  3. Rate your own level of understanding of these words. Monday, Oct. 22

  4. simile • A comparison of two things that have some quality in common. In a simile, the comparison is conveyed by means of the word like or as. Tuesday, Oct. 23

  5. What two things are being compared? • She stood in front of the altar, shaking like a freshly caught trout. —Maya Angelou Tuesday, Oct. 23

  6. What is the simile in the following? • Read the following sentence. • The stallion stopped abruptly on top of a hill, stared, then turned, driving the horses before him, out of sight as quick as the flash of a hawk's wing. Tuesday, Oct. 23

  7. Metaphor • A comparison of two things that have some quality in common. Unlike a simile, a metaphor does not contain a word such as like, as, than, or resembles. Instead, it states that one thing actually is something else. Wednesday, Oct. 24

  8. What is the comparison in this well-known metaphor? • All the world's a stage,And all the men and women merely playersThey have their exits and their entrances. Shakespeare Wednesday, Oct. 24

  9. What is the metaphor? What is being compared? • Procrastination is the thief of time. Edward Young Wednesday, Oct. 24

  10. personification A figure of speech where you give human qualities to objects or things. Personification also includes using qualities of living things to describe objects or “non living” things. Thursday, Oct. 25

  11. Look at this example from the released FCAT test. Read this sentence from the essay. It was a green and sleeping bud, raising itself toward the sun. What literary device does the writer use in the sentence above?   A. metaphor, comparing the sunflower to a tired child B. hyperbole, exaggerating the fast growth of the sunflower C. symbolism, representing the season of spring as a sunflower D. personification, portraying the sunflower as a person waking up Thursday, Oct. 25

  12. What is the comparison in this poem? What is being personified? Fog by: Carl Sandburg (1878-1967) The fog comes on little cat feet.It sits looking over harbor and cityon silent haunchesand then moves on. Thursday, Oct. 25

  13. symbolism • Symbolism occurs in text when a person, place, or object stands for something beyond itself. • A symbol must be something tangible or visible, while the idea it symbolizes must be something abstract or universal. • For example, a dark forest has often been used as a symbol of being lost and confused in life. Monday, Oct. 25

  14. A rose • What might it symbolize? • What does its color represent when given as a gift? Monday, Oct. 25

  15. What do the following symbolize? • a peace sign • a burning flag • an apple • an A • a lion What would you add to the list? Monday, Oct. 25

  16. hyperbole • A figure of speech in which a statement is exaggerated for emphasis or for humorous effect. Tuesday, Oct. 30

  17. examples • The limousine was a mile long. • “If I told you once, I told you a thousand times! Don’t exaggerate!” • This weighs a ton! Tuesday, Oct. 30

  18. FCAT example: Read the following sentence from the short story, “The Man Who Knew Too Much” by Alexander Brown. He was our hero, and we used to tell each other that he was so tough that you could hammer nails into him without his noticing it. What literary device does the author use in the sentence above? A. metaphor, comparing the man to nails B. hyperbole, exaggerating the man’s toughness • symbolism, using nails to represent toughness D. onomatopoeia, the word hammer helps us hear the nails Tuesday, Oct. 30

  19. descriptive language • Language intended to create a mood, person, place, thing, event, emotion, or experience. • Descriptive language uses images that appeal to the reader’s senses, helping the reader to imagine how a subject looks, sounds, smells, tastes, or feels. • Some examples of descriptive language include imagery, alliteration, and mood. Wednesday, Oct. 31

  20. Each of these terms is an example of descriptive language. • imagery • alliteration • mood • onomatopoeia • irony Wednesday, Oct. 31

  21. Rate your own level of understanding of these words. Wednesday, Oct. 31

  22. imagery • Language that appeals to the senses. It is used in all types of writing, but especially in poetry. Imagery consists of descriptive words and phrases that re-create sensory experiences for the reader. Imagery usually appeals to one or more of the five senses—sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch—to help the reader imagine exactly what is being described. Thursday, Nov. 1

  23. Imagery from “The Necklace” She would dream of silent chambers, draped with Oriental tapestries and lighted by tall bronze floor lamps, and of two handsome butlers in knee breeches, who, drowsy from the heavy warmth cast by the central stove, dozed in large overstuffed armchairs.What literary device does the author use in this sentence?A. metaphor, comparing her dream to the harsh reality of her present situation. B. symbolism, using the term “dream” to symbolize the hopes Mathilde has for her future. C. imagery, using vivid details to express the luxury in which she imagines she is surrounded. D. irony, using unexpected descriptions to demonstrate the poverty of Mathilde’s surroundings. Thursday, Nov. 1

  24. What words help to describe the room of the writer’s imagination in this example from “The Necklace?” She would dream of silent chambers, draped with Oriental tapestries and lighted by tall bronze floor lamps, and of two handsome butlers in knee breeches, who, drowsy from the heavy warmth cast by the central stove, dozed in large overstuffed armchairs. Thursday, Nov. 1

  25. alliteration • The repetition of the same sound, usually of a consonant, at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other or at short intervals. The repetition of f and g in fields ever fresh, groves ever green. Friday, Nov. 2

  26. Two examples-One text She would dream of great reception halls hung with old silks, of fine furniture filled with priceless curios, and of small, stylish, scented sitting rooms just right for the four o’clock chat with intimate friends… Friday, Nov. 2

  27. What sounds are alliterated in the following stanza from the poem, “The Day is Done” by Longfellow? The day is done, and the darkness Falls from the wings of Night, As a feather is wafted downward From an eagle in his flight. Friday, Nov. 2

  28. onomatopoeia The use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings (e.g., meow, buzz, splash). Monday, Nov. 5

  29. ABC list of “sound” words Monday, Nov. 5

  30. How does onomatopoeia add to the imagery of the following paragraph? from "Riding the Rails" Andy Isaacson, The New York Times, March 8, 2009 "At the next table a woman stuck her nose in a novel; a college kid pecked at a laptop. Overlaying all this, a soundtrack: choo-k-choo-k-choo-k-choo-k-choo-k--the metronomic rhythm of an Amtrak train rolling down the line to California, a sound that called to mind an old camera reel moving frames of images along a linear track, telling a story." Monday, Nov. 5

  31. pun • Play on the multiple meanings of a word or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings. Here’s a math pun: He said I was average, but he was just being mean. What’s so punny? Wednesday, Nov. 7

  32. What’s the pun, or play on words in the example? • I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger. Then it hit me. • To write with a broken pencil is pointless Wednesday, Nov. 7

  33. Practice with a few more puns… • A bicycle can’t stand alone because it is two-tired. • I can Harley wait to get my motorcycle license. • The dead batteries were given out free of charge. • How is a “knock knock” joke really a pun? Wednesday, Nov. 7

  34. Irony • A contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens. Exaggeration, sarcasm, and understatement are techniques writers use to express irony. Thursday, Nov. 8

  35. An FCAT example Read the following sentence from the text, “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin. She breathed a quick prayer that life might be long. It was only yesterday she had thought with a shudder that life might be long. What literary device does the author use in the excerpt above? A. hyperbole, exaggerating the long days to come without a husband B. tone, using specific words to convey a fear that her days will be long C. personification, giving prayer the human quality of being able to shudder. D. irony, describing the unexpected change in her thoughts from one day to the next. Thursday, Nov. 8

  36. What is the irony in the following news headlines? • Police Station Robbed! • Fire Station Burns • Army Truck Disappears After Being Painted With Camouflage • Lottery winner killed by lightening strike Thursday, Nov. 8