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The Cold War: Key Terms. Superpowers. Nations stronger than other powerful nations Examples: U.S. & U.S.S.R. during the Cold War. Cold War. State of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the United States on one side and the USSR on the other …

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  • Nations stronger than other powerful nations
  • Examples: U.S. & U.S.S.R. during the Cold War
cold war
Cold War
  • State of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the United States on one side and the USSR on the other …
  • Rarely led to direct armed conflict
    • Korea
    • Vietnam
  • Fear of Nuclear War
united states
United States
  • Major Superpower of the Cold War
  • “Leader of the Free World”
  • “Protector of Freedom”
  • A Democratic Republic
  • Capitalist Economy – free enterprise
  • Resorted to questionable tactics to stop Soviet expansion
    • Supporting noncommunist dictators
    • Bay of Pigs invasion
soviet union
Soviet Union
  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics / U.S.S.R.
  • Superpower during the Cold War
  • Archenemy of the United States
  • Leader of the Communist world
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • United States & its (noncommunist) allies
warsaw pact
Warsaw Pact
  • Military alliance between the Soviet Union and its allies
berlin wall
Berlin Wall
  • Concrete barrier erected in 1961 to divide East and West Berlin
    • Communist East Germany
    • Noncommunist West
  • A Cold War symbol
  • Fell in 1989
  • Southeast-Asia Treaty Organization
  • Founded in 1955
  • Alliance between the U.S. & its allies
    • U.S., Britain, France, Australia, Pakistan, Thailand, New Zealand, Philippines
  • Central Treaty Organization
  • Britain, Turkey, Iran, and Pakistan
soviet bloc
Soviet Bloc
  • Soviet Union and its allies
  • See packet map
fidel castro
Fidel Castro
  • Cuban leader
  • Led the Cuban Revolution: organized an armed rebellion against a corrupt dictator and in 1959, Castro led his guerilla army to victory and set about transforming Cuba.
  • Established a communist state
  • Soviet ally
  • Communist state
  • 90 miles off the coast of Florida
  • U.S. had a trade embargo against it
  • Currently led by Raul Castro
bay of pigs invasion
Bay of Pigs Invasion
  • U.S. attempt to bring down the Communist regime in Cuba - 1961
  • Ended in failure
  • Embarrassment for the Kennedy Administration
trade embargo
Trade Embargo
  • The refusal to buy or sell goods from a country
  • Tactic to force change / show disapproval
  • “An economic punishment”
    • The United States’ trade embargo against Cuba.
joseph stalin
Joseph Stalin
  • Soviet dictator from 1924 – 1953
  • Ruthless
  • Responsible for more deaths than Hitler
  • The “elimination” of political enemies aka “enemies of the state” which included those anti-communist AND OR anti-Stalin
  • Would be considered “cruel and unusual punishment” in the United States
  • Ensured Stalin’s totalitarian rule
  • Basic definition: to purify
  • System of thoughts, beliefs, values
  • Communist ideology vs. a democratic ideology
command economy
Command Economy
  • Economic system associated with communism
  • System in which gov’t officials make all basic economic decisions
    • What do produce?
    • How to produce it?
    • For whom to produce?
  • The U.S. strategy of keeping communism within its existing boundaries & preventing its further expansion.
the cold war background
The Cold War:Background
  • Began after WW II between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.
  • Period of great tension
    • Armed conflicts in Korea & Vietnam
    • Potential threat of Nuclear War
  • Would impact world history for over 40 years
  • Superpowers formed alliances
  • “Anything you can do, I can do better.” (while trying to prevent the other side from hurting you/ obtaining an advantage)
communist or free
Communist or Free?
  • East Germany
  • Communist
communist or free26
Communist or Free?
  • Great Britain
  • Free
  • Communist
  • Free
  • Free
  • Communist
  • Communist
soviet union33
Soviet Union
  • Communist
  • Free
  • Free
  • Communist