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The Harlem Renaissance
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  1. The Harlem Renaissance ~ 1910-1930~ “The Harlem Renaissance transformed African-American identity and history, but it also transformed American culture in general. Never before had so many Americans read the thoughts of African-Americans and embraced the African-American community’s productions, expressions, and style.”

  2. The Harlem Renaissance was also known as “The New Negro Movement.” • This movement resulted from the Great Migration that brought nearly three million African Americans to the North between 1900 and 1930 seeking racial equality and economic opportunity. • The Harlem Renaissance redefined African American expression and was considered a celebration of heritage. • The Harlem Renaissance gave birth to many notable African American performers, artists, and authors. The Harlem Renaissance

  3. The Lindy Hop is the original swing dance. • It was invented at the Savoy Ballroom in Harlem in 1926. • Both African Americans and Caucasians gathered at the Savoy to enjoy Lindy Hop contests. • The Lindy Hop is featured in many motion pictures depicting the era. • It eventually became a dance craze known as the Jitterbug, and later evolved into many other forms of swing dancing. The Lindy Hop

  4. The Lindy Hop

  5. Painters Lois Mailou Jones

  6. Lois Mailou Jones Les Pommes Vertes, 1938

  7. Lois Mailou Jones Textile Design for Cretonne, 1928

  8. Lois Mailou Jones Totem Poles, 1928

  9. Painters William H. Johnson

  10. William H. Johnson Street Life – Harlem, 1939-1940

  11. William H. Johnson Mount Calvary

  12. William H. Johnson Self Portrait, 1929

  13. Painters Palmer Hayden

  14. Palmer Hayden Jeunesse

  15. Palmer Hayden Nous Quatre a Paris

  16. Began in New Orleans during the late 1800’s • Stemmed from Negro spirituals and grew into a more formalized type of music • Jazz is largely improvisation with musicians creating the rhythm as they play. • During the Harlem Renaissance, jazz made a geographical move to the North as more publishing companies opened in New York and more opportunities for band appearances became available. Jazz

  17. Louis Armstrong

  18. Duke Ellington

  19. Dizzy Gillespie

  20. Billie Holliday

  21. As with the art and music of the Harlem Renaissance, many authors produced novels, short stories, poems, and plays that reflected pride in being a “black American” and expressed concerns with racism. • Publishing houses that primarily published and marketed white authors began recognizing the quality literature coming from African American writers. Not only did they begin publishing these works, they promoted the material to white audiences. This had been unheard of prior to the Harlem Renaissance. Authors

  22. Claude McKay

  23. Langston Hughes

  24. Countee Cullen

  25. Zora Neale Hurston

  26. Birthdate: Jan. 7, 1891 (or 1903!) in Notasulga, Alabama • Zora was the fifth of eight children • Parents: Lucy Potts and John Hurston • Her father was a Baptist preacher, carpenter, and sharecropper. • When Zora was three, her family moved to Eatonville, Florida, the first incorporated black township in America. Her father would eventually become mayor. Zora Neale Hurston

  27. Zora considered Eatonville a utopia, glorified in her stories as a place where black Americans could live as they desired, independent of prejudice in all its ways. Eatonville, Florida

  28. Zora’s mother died when Zora was 13 years old. After her mother’s death, Zora’s family passed her around the family for several years. • As a young adult, Zora worked as a waitress and manicurist. • Zora graduated from Barnard College, an affiliate of Columbia University, in 1928. • Hurston published many magazine articles, short stories, and plays during the era of the Harlem Renaissance. Foremost, she was considered a novelist, folklorist, and anthropologist. Zora Neale Hurston

  29. Their Eyes Were Watching God was Hurston’s second novel and was published in 1937. Hurston wrote the novel in seven weeks while living in Haiti. The novel is the coming of age story of Janie and the three men who ultimately shape her character. Their Eyes Were Watching God

  30. Zora spent her last years in poverty and obscurity. She suffered a stroke in 1959, after which she was committed to the Saint Lucie County Welfare Home in Fort Pierce, Florida. She died there on January 28, 1960, at the age of 69. Zora Neale Hurston

  31. When Hurston died, she was so poor that a collection was taken to give her a proper funeral. There wasn’t enough money left to purchase a headstone for her grave. Zora Neale Hurston In 1973, Alice Walker located Hurston’s grave and placed a headstone there as a tribute to Hurston’s impact on African American literature.

  32. In Their Eyes Were Watching God, Hurston’s characters speak in a distinct dialect. • Dialect is a special way of speaking a language. (Ex. Southern, Creole, etc.) • Because the book’s character’s are African American and their culture has long spoken in a rich, folk-style, Hurston’s use of dialect makes her characters more realistic. Dialect

  33. “ Janie, Ah hope God may kill me, if Ah’m lyin’. Nobody else on earth kin hold uh candle tuh you, baby. You got de keys to de kingdom.”

  34. Now, let’s get started…