The Harlem Renaissance 1920’s
The Great Migration • Millions of black farmers and sharecroppers move to the urban North in search of opportunity and freedom from oppression. • Many settled in Harlem, NYC. • Harlem attracted worldly African Americans who nurtured each other’s artistic, musical, and literary talents. • This became known as the Harlem Renaissance.
The Literary Movement • Authors looked inward and expressed what it meant to be black in a white-dominated world. • They represented what came to be called “The New Negro,” a sophisticated and well-educated African American. • The Harlem Renaissance was brought to a premature end by the Great Depression, when many writers had to take other jobs to survive.
Authors • Langston Hughes – Poet: The Weary Blues • W.E.B. Du Bois- Activist and Writer • Zora Neale Hurston- Novelist: Their Eyes Were Watching God • Other Poets: Countee Cullen, Jean Toomer, Arna Bontemps, Claude McKay, James Weldon Johnson.