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The Harlem Renaissance. The Move North. Harlem Renaissance  a literary and artistic movement celebrating African American culture Between 1910 and 1920, hundreds of thousands of African Americans left the South and moved north to big cities in search of jobs and a better life

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The Harlem Renaissance


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    1. The Harlem Renaissance

    2. The Move North • Harlem Renaissance a literary and artistic movement celebrating African American culture • Between 1910 and 1920, hundreds of thousands of African Americans left the South and moved north to big cities in search of jobs and a better life • Known as the Great Migration • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=C88D94D5-5B3C-4B0F-88AF-FC18E094BA09&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US The Migration of the Negro Jacob Lawrence

    3. African American Goals • African Americans protested racial violence and fought for equality under the NAACP • Marcus Garvey, an immigrant from Jamaica, urged African Americans to build a society separate from whites • Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) • Promoted development of African American owned businesses and encouraged his followers to return to Africa

    4. African American Writers • Literary movement in Harlem led by well-educated, middle-class African Americans • Claude McKay novelist, poet who urged blacks to resist prejudice and discrimination and described hardships of black life • Langston Hughes poet, described difficulties faced by working-class blacks • Zora Neale Hurston novelist, poet who portrayed lives of poor, unschooled Southern blacks

    5. African Americans and Jazz • Jazz was born in the early 20th century in New Orleans where musicians blended instrumental ragtime and vocal blues • Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington jazz pianist and composer, led 10 piece orchestra • Bessie Smith and Gertrude “Ma” Rainey female blues singers • Louis Armstrong trumpet player whose talent sky rocketed him to stardom • Made personal expression a key part of jazz

    6. Jazz Music • Duke Ellington “It Don’t Mean a Thing” (1931) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDQpZT3GhDg • Louis Armstrong “Struttin’ With Some Barbeque” (1927)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BSbRs2TjVKs&feature=related • Bessie Smith “St. Louis Blues” (1925)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jNWs0LsimFs&feature=fvsr

    7. African American Art • Aaron Douglas “father of African American art” • Palmer C. Hayden and Archibald J. Motley influenced black art during the Harlem Renaissance

    8. Palmer Hayden The Janitor Who Paints (1937) Aaron Douglas Into Bondage (1936) Palmer Hayden Jeunesse Archibald Motley Blues (1928)