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The Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance. By: Don Canja, Jamil Usman John Bigalbal, Andrew Tanmajo. Introduction Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance rose a century after the abolition of slavery

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The Harlem Renaissance

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  1. The Harlem Renaissance By: Don Canja, Jamil Usman John Bigalbal, Andrew Tanmajo

  2. Introduction Harlem Renaissance • The Harlem Renaissance rose a century after the abolition of slavery • The Harlem Renaissance was a time of Jazz and Art. Jazz was performed by many African Americans in Harlem and it soon became more attractive to whites. • The overall purpose of the Harlem Renaissance was to challenge racism and stereotyping with music, art, and literature. • By the turn of the 20th century, black community established a middle class, in the urban areas. • Harlem became a center of this expanding Black middle class. • It is seen as an expression of great social and cultural change that took place in America during the early 20th century . 

  3. Notable Authors and Works • Paul Laurence Dunbar • “Frederick Douglass” • “Sympathy” • “We Wear the Mask” • Langston Hughes • “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” • “Theme for English B” • “Jazzonia” • Arna Bontemps • “God Give to Men” • “Southern Mansion” • “Length of Moon” • Claude Mckay • “If We Must Die” • “The White House” • “The Tropics of New York”

  4. Techniques and Themes Techniques • Figurative Language • Metaphors • Similes • Symbolism • Imagery Themes • Equality • Peace • Non Violent Movements • Fighting Back with Education

  5. Paul Laurence Dunbar • Born in Dayton, Ohio on June 27, 1872 • Paul Laurence Dunbar was the first African-American poet to garner national critical acclaim • Dunbar published a book of poems known as Oak and Ivy that was published in 1892. • In 1902, Dunbar and his wife separatedand his depression caused him to do damage upon his health due to alcohol • Died on Feb. 9, 1906.

  6. Langston Hughes • Born Feb 1, 1902-May 22, 1967 • An American poet, social activist, novelist, play wright, and columnist • Was one of the earliest innovations of Jazz poetry • He is best known for being the lender of the Harlem Renaissance • Greatly influenced by Paul Laurence Dunbar, Carl Sandburg and Walt Whiteman • He wrote about jazz, and African American life in America

  7. Arna Bontemps • Writer and Poet • Born in Alexandria, Lousiana (October 13, 1902 – June 4, 1973) • Grew up in California and graduated from Pacific Union College. Earned his master’s degree in Library Science from the University of Chicago. • In his early career he collaborated with Langston Hughes, Popo and Fifina. A travel book for children. • Published Black Thunder, which was his finest work in any genre. • Contributed many Poems and Novels describing The Harlem Renaissance and African American’s struggle through it.

  8. Claude Mckay • Claude McKay Jamaican- American novelist and Poet. • Born in Jamaica September 15, 1889. • Died in Chicago May 22, 1948. His novel, "Home to Harlem" Became his best selling Novel as it won the Harmon Gold Award for Literature. • He was known to be attracted to Communism as he took trips to the Soviet Union and wrote positively about communism. • Years later, he soon started to dislike and write negatively about communism.

  9. The Era of Jazz

  10. Harlem Renaissance Quiz 1. What was the overall purpose of the Harlem Renaissance? • To Create Violence • To Create Peace • To Start a Petition • To Make Poems

  11. Harlem Renaissance Quiz 2. What other component was the Harlem Renaissance known for? • Violence • Art • Technology • Parties

  12. Harlem Renaissance Quiz 3. Which poet was seen as a communist? • Arna Bontemps • Claude McKay • Langston Hughes • Paul Laurence Dunbar

  13. Harlem Renaissance Quiz 4. What type of music was commonly found during the Harlem Renaissance? • Country • Jazz • Rap • Electro

  14. Harlem Renaissance Quiz 5. What theme did poets use during this time? • Make Money • Equality • Vengeance • Dreams

  15. Class Interaction • Make a poem that relates to the Harlem Renaissance • (For example Equality, Peace, Fighting Back, Etc.)

  16. Work Cited • http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5657 • http://www.dunbarsite.org/biopld.asp • http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/poets/a_f/bontemps/life.htm

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