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Martha Rogers The Science of Unitary & Irreducible Human Beings
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  1. Martha RogersThe Science of Unitary & Irreducible Human Beings Denise Barger, RN, BSN Pat Schlagel, RN, BSN Lisa Thielke RN, BSN Minnesota State University Moorhead Nursing 600

  2. Grand Nursing Theorist Martha Rogers

  3. Origins

  4. Purpose

  5. Evolution Over Time

  6. Science of Unitary Human Beings

  7. Application to Health

  8. Application to Nursing

  9. Application to Environment • Continually exchanging energy with the unitary human being • Constant state of change • Helix • Represents environment energy field • Co-existing & interactive with unitary human

  10. Application to Person • Unitary energy system • Whole entity – sum of the parts • Continually exchanging energy with the environment • “These energy fields may be described as open systems, with each person having his/her own unique pattern of energy which constitutes the person’s identity.” (Tettero, Jackson, & Wilson, 1993, p.777)

  11. Examples of Application to:

  12. Application to Nursing Practice

  13. Application to Research

  14. Application to Education

  15. Critique of Theory • Rogers was ahead of her time

  16. Clarity • Difficult to understand • Used uncommon language • Related concepts to space, universe • Abstract model

  17. Simplicity • Theory is comprised of: • Only five key definitions • Three principles of homeodynamics • Six assumptions about human beings • Difficult to understand • Abstract system of ideas

  18. Generality • Abstract model makes it generalizable • Powerful • Broad in scope • Provides framework for development of nursing knowledge • Helped develop other grand theories and middle range theories

  19. Empirical Precision • Early criticism identified major limitations • Difficult to understand principles • Lack of operational definitions • Inadequate tools for measurement • Deductive in logic • Inherent lack of immediate empirical support • Misunderstood initially

  20. Derivable Consequences • Intends to assist in the understanding of human evolution and human potential • Organized in a manner that place nursing’s identity as a science • Focus is on the human and environmental connection as highly significant • Many have used the theory for research

  21. Summary • Has positively impacted nursing • Widely accepted theory concepts • By offering an emphasis on holism • Mutuality of humans and the environment • Fits with effectiveness of complementary and alternative health practices • Fits with family systems • Allows nursing to study areas that would use only linear, three-dimensional and reductionistic approaches

  22. References Gunther, M. E. (2006). Unitary Human Beings. In A. Tomey & M. Alligood (Eds.), Nursing theorists and their work (pp. 244-266). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier