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COMMS 101. An Introduction to the Communications Discipline and Opportunities to Serve. US COAST GUARD Communications. Safety of Life at Sea. Purpose of the Presentation. General Outline of US Coast Guard Comms The role of the Coast Guard Auxiliary

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comms 101

COMMS 101

An Introduction to the Communications Discipline and Opportunities to Serve

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

us coast guard communications

US COAST GUARD Communications

Safety of Life at Sea

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

purpose of the presentation
Purpose of the Presentation
  • General Outline of US Coast Guard Comms
  • The role of the Coast Guard Auxiliary
  • Cooperative efforts between CGAUX, CAP, US Navy MARS, USAF Mars, and others.

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

united states coast guard
United States Coast Guard
  • The lead military agency of the Department of Homeland Security (not DoD)
  • A multi-mission agency:
    • Law Enforcement
    • Safety of Navigation & SAR
    • Military Operations
    • Environmental Protection
  • Extensive Sea-borne and Air-borne Assets

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

coast guard communications
Coast Guard Communications
  • CG utilizes a full range of comms:
    • From Medium Frequency through UHF from 2 Megahertz through 800 Megahertz
  • CG utilizes a full range of modes:
    • Voice
    • Digital Data transmission
    • Images

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

slide6

UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICIn all of it’s roles, but especially in maritime safety, the CG operates as part of a world wide community, so many of the traits of communications in the CG are driven by international rules and regulations. Two organizations, the International Maritime Organization and the International Telecommunications Union set many of our rules.

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

gmdss the key

GMDSS – the KEY

In 1999, a whole new concept in maritime comms was put into place.called Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

gmdss components
GMDSS Components
  • HF Weather & Safety Broadcasts
  • COSPAS – Satellite based SAR services
  • VHF Radio
  • Digital Selective Calling
  • Automatic Identification System

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

vhf radio
VHF RADIO
  • Most commonly used service in coastal areas
  • Used by commercial and recreational vessels alike
  • Focused on Safety
  • CG monitors Channel 16 24/7
  • Other channels used for command and control

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

digital selective calling
Digital Selective Calling
  • Grew out of excessive channel loading
  • System involves the assignment of a unique number to each vessel or asset (shore stations) Number identifies characteristics of the vessel
  • Possible to address one (and only one) vessel with a message (page).
  • Position polling is also possible

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

dsc part 2
DSC, Part 2
  • System operates on HF and VHF with worldwide coverage
  • DSC can not only page a specific vessel but also automatically switch that vessel’s voice radio to a specific channel
  • DSC can page vessels in a particular area or in a pre-defined “Group”

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

rescue 21
RESCUE 21
  • New project presently being implemented around the US
  • Enhanced VHF comms
  • Incorporates DSC for VHF
  • Adds AIS (Automatic Identification System)
  • Eventually will allow data transmission

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

rescue 21 part 2
RESCUE 21, Part 2
  • Is presently being implemented in the Seattle area and other areas on East and Gulf Coasts
  • Will be implemented in Southern California in 2006
  • Single biggest change in CG Comms since the introduction of FM VHF radio

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

automatic identification system
Automatic Identification System
  • AIS is a transponder based system using UHF radios.
  • Vessels will automatically transmit a variety of information periodically
  • Supplements coastal radar coverage (Vessel Traffic System) with detailed information
  • Implemented now on large vessels

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

coast guard auxiliary roles
Coast Guard Auxiliary Roles
  • Fundamentally a force multiplier for the USCG
  • Many different missions:
    • Public Education
    • Safety Patrols (Ocean and Lakes/Rivers)
    • Vessel Inspection
    • Operational Support
    • SAR
    • Harbor Security Patrols

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

pacarea comms
PACAREA COMMS
  • CAMSPAC – Communications Area Master Station-Pacific
  • Support of Command and Control
  • Utilize All Modes and All Frequencies as needed
  • Support of Maritime Domain Awareness programs
  • Support Disaster Response

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

cgaux comms 1
Varies by CG District

Primarily VHF Voice (now)

Used for Operational Support of the CG and for command and control of Auxiliary assets

Provides mechanism for “radio guard” for both “AUX” and “gold side” assets

CGAUX Comms - 1

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

cgaux comms 2
CGAUX Comms - 2
  • In the Eleventh Coast Guard District, Southern Region, there are some 300 radio facilities (ACU’s)
  • Most of these are hand held or mobile radios
  • Presently there are about 50 “fixed land” stations including several which are CGAUX properties, as opposed to privately owned.
  • Currently four stations are manned each weekend

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

cgaux comms 3
CGAUX Comms - 3
  • Many changes are coming up
    • Increasing use of DSC for both safety guard purposes and command and control
    • More and more participation in disaster (natural and unnatural) response
    • Increasing use of data (rather than voice) comms
    • Greater integration with the Rescue 21 project

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

how do you participate
How do YOU Participate?
  • Become AUXCOM qualified first
  • Acquire and register an “ACU” (Auxiliary Communications Unit)
  • Regularly participate in weekly nets
  • Join special projects
  • Be a team member for drills and exercises either ashore, afloat or airborne

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

cm department organization
CM Department Organization

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

roles responsibilities
ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES
  • DSO-CM
    • Oversight of comms program and assets
    • Interface with national, Area, and other Districts
    • Plan and manage overall programs

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

roles responsibilities1
ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES
  • ADSO-CM’s
    • Cognizance of all comms activities in specific geographic AOR’s
    • Lead development of multi-level comms networks throughout the District
    • Develop and implement specific programs as prototypes for District
    • Represent DSO-CM in District

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

roles responsibilities2
ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES
  • SO-CM’s
    • Provide key link to membership and Division Bridges
    • Channel concerns and accomplishments from members to DSO-CM and to District Bridge
    • Direct and Oversee the implementation of “local networks”

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

roles responsibilities3
ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES
  • FSO-CM
    • Where the “rubber meets the road”
    • Direct link to members
    • Source of accurate, complete information to membership
    • Source of expertise in comms procedures, programs and equipment.

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

programs activities
PROGRAMS & ACTIVITIES
  • HF Communications
  • DSC Comms and Monitoring
  • PE and PA Activities
  • Emergency Communications
  • Enhanced Training and Education
  • Participation in Multi-agency Activities

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

interagency cooperation
Interagency Cooperation
  • The future, we believe, is in multi-agency activities
  • Benefits include sharing knowledge, tools, assets, and most important, SPECTRUM
  • There are many agencies attempting comms, especially in times of unrest or domestic threat
  • Few, if any have the comms assets we represent, for example a 10 KW HF station able to transmit fax data by radio.

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

interagency part 2
Interagency, Part 2
  • However, no matter how strong each individual agency’s assets are there is always a force multiplier available from cooperation.

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON

so who are the agencies
So, Who are the Agencies?
  • On a National and International Basis:
    • Civil Air Patrol
    • Coast Guard Auxiliary
    • US Navy Military Affiliate Radio System
    • USAF Military Affiliate Radio System
    • US Army Military Affiliate Radio System
  • Each brings strengths and unique assets

W.H. Scholz, DSO-CM, CGAUX D11s DCON