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The Cold War Abroad. Vs. The United States. The Soviet Union. Post World War II Plans. Yalta Meeting (Feb. 1945): • European nations to be democratic, United Nations created. Post World War II Plans. Potsdam conference (July 1945): • Germany divided into 4 zones

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
The Cold War Abroad

Vs.

The United States

The Soviet Union

slide2
Post World War II Plans
  • Yalta Meeting (Feb. 1945):

• European nations to be democratic,

United Nations created

slide3
Post World War II Plans
  • Potsdam conference (July 1945):

• Germany divided into 4 zones

(USA, S.U., G.B., France)

slide4
Iron Curtain
  • Stalin wanted

barrier around

S.U.

  • Eastern European

nations

communist,

controlled

by Soviets

“Satellite states”

slide6
“From Stettin in the North to Trieste in the south, an iron curtain has descended over Europe.”

Winston Churchill to Americans in Speech

containment policy
Containment Policy
  • U.S. foreign policy that sought to prevent the spread of Soviet communism

George Kennan –

creator of the

Containment policy

Truman supported with

Truman Doctrine!

slide8
Truman Doctrine (1947)
  • Response to communist takeover attempt

in Greece

  • Truman gives economic aid to countries fighting

communism

  • $400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey

Controversial example of containment

slide9
Marshall Plan (1948-1951)
  • Europe needed to be rebuilt

after WWII

London, England

Dresden, Germany

slide10
Marshall Plan (1948-1951)
  • Sec. of State George Marshall--give friendly aid
  • economic recovery was necessary for world peace

West German

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The free train

of the Marshall

Plan

slide11
Marshall

Plan

$12.5

billion

slide12
Marshall Plan (1948-1951)
  • S.U. and Eastern countries refuse aid
slide13
Berlin Airlift (1948-1949)
  • Berlin also divided into 4 zones
  • Soviet zone weak, others prospered and cooperated
slide15
Berlin Airlift (1948-1949)
  • East Berliners could see difference and left
  • Stalin blockaded West Berlin to stop this

Soviets closed Berlin’s railway lines, canals, roads. W. Berlin had 36 days of supplies.

slide16
Berlin Airlift (1948-1949)
  • Allies airlift supplies until blockade ended

Lasted 11

months!

“Operation

Vittles”

slide17
Every ten minutes a plane took off with supplies for West Berlin.

327 days 277,000 flights 2.5 million tons of supplies

slide19
NATO (1949) and Warsaw Pact
  • defensive military alliance created
  • called North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Warsaw Pact created in response (S.U.and E. Europe)
slide20
Nuclear Arms Race
  • 1949--Soviet Union achieves A-bomb

Russian Scientist

Kurchatov

“Joe -1” Russian A-bomb

slide21
Nuclear Arms Race
  • U.S. quadruples defense spending
  • 1952--U.S. invents Hydrogen "super" bomb

H-Bomb

Test

Fireball 3 miles

18 mths. later

Soviets have it

new leaders
New Leaders
  • 1952 Eisenhower elected
  • 1953 Stalin dies; Nikita Kruschev takes over
  • Nuclear deterrence begins (don’t want WWIII)

Eisenhower Kruschev

slide23
Metacognition Statement:

I know that I know something about Cold War events.

First,

In addition,

Finally,

Now you know something that I know about Cold War events.

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