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Chinese characters are the treasures of Chinese culture,
literacy is the foundation of reading and writing, and the teaching
of literacy is the focus of Chinese teaching in the lower grade and
the foundation of the foundation. However, literacy is a very boring
task for students with low grades, and for teachers, it is also a hot
task. So, how to improve the literacy of children? I think we can try
it from the following aspects.
First, organize the game activities, improve literacy interest.
Games are a form of love for children. Children like to imitate, like
to play, like performance, combined with the younger age, can
concentrate on listening time is short. Therefore, in teaching, we
often change different, fresh and fun, loved by the “game” to
stimulate their interest, mobilize the desire of students to learn
abstract text symbols, so that students in the “game” to learn
literacy, so boring literacy class Become a paradise for students to
learn. For example, finding friends, driving trains, picking fruit and
other activities is very interesting. However, when organizing a
game to answer the questions, teachers should not neglect the
“effectiveness” of literacy merely for “fun”.
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Second, teach the students methods to improve the quality of
teaching. In the teaching of literacy, if the students will be tired of
mechanical memory, as long as the mastery of literacy methods,
experience the happiness of success in order to keep the interest of
students to persevere. Therefore, in the teaching of literacy, in
addition to stimulating the students ‘ interest in literacy, it is
necessary to properly infiltrate some literacy knowledge and
methods to develop students ‘ ability to read and write. “It is better
to teach a man to fish than to give it to a fisherman.” Teach
students how to read and help them develop their ability to read
the students can learn to read and write by “adding, subtracting
and changing”, using the method of splitting and combining Chinese
(2) graphic literacy. That is to use the visual image to help
students to memorize a method of glyph.
(3) child literacy. Read children’s songs is accord with the age
and psychological characteristics of junior students, teachers can be
based on the characteristics of Chinese characters, some catchy
rhyme formulas, let them read it over and over again, so that the
students on the glyph visual image, so as to improve the accuracy of
(4) word puzzles. The puzzle is a kind of activity that students
are extremely interested in, and it is a good way to use the word
puzzles. In the work of guessing puzzles and puzzles, the students
memorized the words, the glyphs, and the meanings. At the same
time, I can train my thinking ability, language ability and expression
ability. For example: “a bit of two eyes a stare – six” etc. By
guessing, the students were impressed.
listen to stories, in the teaching of literacy, teachers should
consciously adapt some abstract Chinese characters into lively and
interesting stories, so that they can stimulate their imagination, but
also to achieve accurate memory of difficult words target. There are
many methods of literacy, such as: Each student establishes “the
Literacy Growth Record Bag”, and sets up the display card in the
class, carries on the literacy challenge. Teachers also need to build a
large class of life, to expand literacy space, to guide students to
explore the ability to read and improve literacy. For example: to
guide students to watch TV literacy, shopping, street signs and so
on, so that students understand things and the organic combination
The teaching and training of literacy methods are of great
value to students’ self-learning, learning ability and sustainable
development. Traditional literacy teaching only pays attention to
teaching students to know “this word”, without realizing it, so that
students can learn to recognize “this kind of word” in the sense of
“this word”. Pay attention to let the students learn a word “this”,
acquisition method of this kind of word, and then grinding “gun”
training opportunities for students, establish the platform of
perfect”, which evolved into a kind of learning ability.
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