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Warm up!. Think of a television show that you have watched recently (last night?) 1. Try to explain what the main topic of the story was about in no more then three words. 2. Try to explain what the main topic of the story was about in no more then three words. . Themes in Hamlet.
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Warm up! Think of a television show that you have watched recently (last night?) 1. Try to explain what the main topic of the story was about in no more then three words. 2. Try to explain what the main topic of the story was about in no more then three words.
Themes in Hamlet ♦Analyze the way in which theme represents a view or comment on life, using textual evidence as support
Concept: Theme • Is the central idea or insight about human experience revealed in a work of literature. • Can usually be expressed in a word or two Why is it important to discover the theme? • The theme is what the writer wishes to convey about that subject: the writer’s view of the world or revelation about human nature. We can learn more about ourselves and humanity by analyzing the theme.
Identifying and Analyzing Theme: • always involves generalizations and abstractions. • There are universal themes that can be found in countless works of literature, such as love and hate, good and evil, innocence and experience, communication and isolation, life and death, society and the individual. • A story or poem may be about a specific love affair, for example; it is easy to say the general subject is love, but interpreting the theme involves explaining what the work says about love. • You analyze the theme by asking what the work says about _____ (theme)
Back to the warm up… Think of a television show that you have watched recently (last night?) 1. Try to explain what the story was about using only one, two or three words. CFU: Is what you wrote down a theme? CFU: How do you know? How is it developed? CFU: What does the story say about your theme? 2. Explain what Romeo and Juliet is about using one, two or three words. CFU: Is what you wrote down a theme? CFU: How do you know? How is it developed? CFU: What does the story say about your theme?
Our job: • Is not to find the theme • Our job is to analyze the theme. This means that we will be discussing how the themes are developed, and what the story is saying about the theme, using specific evidence from the text (quotes) • How are themes developed you ask?
Themes may be developed in a number of ways: • How the Character develops theme: Do Characters change? • Are themes revealed through actions, dramatic statements or personalities of characters? • Do the characters convey conflicting values? Which values does the whole work seem to be defending? • Sometimes a character's main function is to symbolize an abstract quality, such as greed or honesty or laziness. Remember that names are sometimes symbolic, in obvious or subtle ways. • Are there characters or events or other details that seem to have no importance in the plot of a story? • In good literature, these details are there for a reason; they probably have a special thematic significance.
How the plot develops theme: What happens? • What actions are taking place that develop the theme? • What ideas are implied by the total impression of the whole work? • Sometimes theme is revealed only when the work is viewed as a whole. • How points of view develops theme: What is said? • Are themes revealed in direct statements by one or more characters in the play? • Hamlet says….. While Laertes says…. • How setting develops theme: Symbols? • Are there other symbols, images, and descriptive details in the work that suggest themes? • Look for repeated words and images as clues to theme.
Focus Finder: • Explore the way that the theme is developed through the categories of: • Plot • Character • Setting • Point of view • Identify textual evidence (quotes) that relate to each category and exemplify your theme. • In a paragraph, explain what the story says about your theme
Focus Finder POV Quote: Character Quote: How the character develops theme Do Characters change? Does a character symbolize an abstract quality Do the characters convey conflicting values Does a character seem not to be Important? How might that be important? How point of view develops theme Is the theme expressed through other characters POV? How plot develops theme What actions are taking place? Any ideas are implied by the work as a whole? Theme Family Pressures Setting Quote: How setting develops theme Are there any symbols, repeated words or images? Plot Quote: On a separate piece of paper, explain what story says about family pressures.
Closure Questions: • Concept: • What is a theme? • What does a theme reveal about the author? • Importance: • What can we learn by discovering the theme? • Skill: • How are themes developed? (4 ways) • What do we look for when we analyze plot? • What do we look for when we analyze setting? • What do we look for when we analyze character? • What do we look for when we analyze point of view? • What is the purpose of including quotes?
In Class work: • Work independently (by yourself) to Complete your focus finder for the theme of madness, revenge or family pressures. We will share these with the class tomorrow.