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Figurative Language. Definition. Also called Figures of Speech, writing or speech meant to be understood imaginatively instead of literally. They include metaphors, similes, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification, idioms, analogies, imagery, alliteration, assonance, and symbolism. Metaphors.

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Figurative Language


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definition
Definition

Also called Figures of Speech, writing or speech meant to be understood imaginatively instead of literally. They include metaphors, similes, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification, idioms, analogies, imagery, alliteration, assonance, and symbolism.

metaphors
Metaphors
  • A direct comparison between two dissimilar items
  • One thing is spoken or written about as if it were another
  • Formula: The (first subject) is a (second subject).
slide4

Juliet

Romeo

slide5

Juliet

is the

Sun!!!

slide7

This is

SO

not worth it!

simile
Simile
  • An indirect comparison between two dissimilar items
  • Uses the words: like, as, than, appears, and seems.
  • A comparison using like or as
  • Formula: (Subject A) is like (Subject B)
slide9

“Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're gonna get.”

- Forest Gump

As good as gold.

- Charles Dickens

She walks in beauty like the night

- Lord Byron

difference between metaphor and simile
Difference Between Metaphor and Simile

Metaphor

Direct

Juliet

Simile

Indirect

Like/As

hyperbole
Hyperbole
  • A boldly exaggerated statement that adds emphasis without intended to be literally true
  • An exaggeration made for effect
slide12

Your hiding something cuz it's burning through your eyes.

- New Found Glory

An hundred years should go to praise thine eyes and on they forehead gaze

- Andrew Marvell

onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia
  • The use of words or phrases that sound like what they name
  • Can also refer to an entire line of text where the sounds of the words are used to convey the meaning of the text
slide14

My stick fingers click with a snicker and chuckling, they knuckle the keys.

- John Updike

Oh

CRASH!

my

BASH!

it's

BANG!

the

ZANG!

Fourth

WHOOSH!

of

BAROOM!

July

WHEW!

personification
Personification
  • Human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things
  • Something not human is described as if it were human
slide16

Rage, rage against the dying of the light.

- Dylan Thomas

Quoth the Raven,

“Nevermore!”

- Edgar Allen Poe

idioms
Wild Goose Chase

Threw him a curve ball

I'll cross that bridge when I come to it

Idioms
  • An expression whose meaning cannot be determined by the literal meanings of the words, but has a figurative meaning based on conventional use
  • Very similar to a slang term
analogies
A country boy in the city acts like a small fish in a big pond in that they're both completely unprepared, and both have a lot of adapting to do.Analogies
  • An analogy is a comparison of things that are alike in some ways but different in others
  • Formally seen as: “Shoes are to feet as tires are to cars.”
  • Formula: A:B::C:D
alliteration
Kit Carson County Community College

Descending Dewdrops

Keen Car

Alliteration
  • the same sound appears at the beginning of two or more consecutive words
  • Commonly seen in Tongue Twisters
assonance
The black cat whacked the rat with a bat.

Hear the mellow wedding bells

Assonance
  • Repetition of the same vowel sound in nearby words
  • Most commonly found within the word, not at the beginning
imagery
Sizzling bacon

Scent of fresh flowers

Feel of sand beneath your feet

Dark clouds looming on the horizon

Bitter taste of saltwater

Imagery
  • Language that creates a concrete representation of an object or experience
  • Anything that addresses the senses, sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions
symbolism
Tyger, tyger burning bright in the forests of the night, what immortal hand or eye could frame thy fearful symmetry

- William Blake

The Tyger stands as an actual tiger but also all other things considered evil

Symbolism
  • Something that stands for or represents itself and something else
  • Something that evokes a range of meaning beyond its literal meaning
your assignment
Your Assignment
  • Using your poetry booklet, you are to find 5 examples of each type of Figurative Language which the following exceptions: Alliteration, Assonance, Analogies
  • Along with identifying it, pick one example and explain how it meets the definition of the Figure of Speech on your Graphic Organizer

T

slide26
It feels like I

hit a brick wall!

slide27
The mountain

held the town

slide29
He ate everything

at the house

slide32
All the world

is a stage

slide36
The pen ran

across the paper

slide37
The big bee buzzed

behind the bonnet

slide40
The pig sighed

in disbelief

slide41
He threw it

a thousand

miles per hour

slide47
Always arrest

angry alligators

slide48
War rages on like

a forest fire

slide49
The wind

whispered a

secret

slide50
She appeared

like an angel from

the sky