Who’s Who in the English Rev.?. The English Revolution was dominated by two themes Abuse of Power Religion Which religious groups? Anglicans, Catholics and… Puritains What are Puritains ? Strict Protestants. Henry VIII formed a new religion (Born Catholic) Anglican
(Born Catholic) Anglican
What did Puritans think about Anglicanism and the Anglican monarchs?
Puritans considered Anglicans to be too Catholic!!
They wanted to “purify” their religion of all things Catholic
Original Union (1606)
Ireland’s flag of St. Patrick
Current United Kingdom flag
“Wisest Fool in Christendom” Henry IV of France
Fought against the Puritans in Parliament
Son of Mary, Queen of Scots
“Lost his head” (literally)
Son of James I
Married to French Catholic
Imprisoned his political enemies
Used Royal Court “Court of the Star Chamber” to punish them.
HOW?(arrest them without charge, hold them indefinitely, etc.)
Dissolved Parliament for 11 years
Charles I and Henrietta of France
Charles I vs.
Charles had two Sons
Charles and James
Charles and James were both Anglican.
In 1649, Charles lost the war and got his head chopped off.
The boys then moved to France with mom!
Oliver had a son,
1. He tried twice to write a constitution
The Instrument of Government – 1653
2. The constitution gave landowners the right to elect members of parliament
3. He maintained a disciplined army
4. He collected lots of tax money
“Faarrrmlivin’ is the life for me…”
Actual photo of Richard with his favorite pig,
Charles’ son, Charles invited back from France.
Becomes Charles II, King of England
He was Anglican, but knew better.
Has NO children (that’s going to be a problem)
People like him!
Charles II “the merry monarch” (1660- 1685)
BROTHER of Charles II
He converted to Catholicism while living in France
Two daughters (Mary and Anne) from his first marriage
Mary and Anne were raised Protestant
People don’t like James.
They argue about it (Whigs vs. Tories),
But, everything explodes when he has a son and decides to raise him CATHOLIC!
Study your notes so far.