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MARITIME ENGLISH

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  1. MARITIME ENGLISH 2009/10

  2. Presentations • 5-7 minutes long • PowerPoint slides are mandatory (main points and ! no complete sentences; spell check) • Introduction, body, conclusion • It must be based on an English text. • One vocabulary question (and at least two more teacher questions).

  3. Introduction • Your name and position • Title/subject of the presentation • Purpose of the presentation • Main parts or points of the presentation • Length of the time the presentation will take • When the audience may ask questions

  4. Sample introduction Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. It’s a pleasure to be with you today. My name’s Janez Novak I am a student at the Faculty of Maritime Studies and Transportation. Today I would like to give a presentation on containerisation. I have divided my presentation into three parts: first, the history of containerisation; second, the advantages of containerisation in comparison with traditional modes of transportation, and finally, container traffic in northern European ports. If you have any questions, please feel free to interrupt me. There will also be five minutes for questions at the end of my talk.

  5. Conclusion • Say that you are about to conclude • Summarize the main points of the presentation • Give your opinion • Thank the audience • Ask for questions

  6. Sample conclusion Before we come to an end, let me just repeat that containerisation represented a revolution in the field of transportation. To summarize, my presentation covered three main points: the history of containerisation, its advantages in comparison with traditional modes of transport, and container traffic in northern Adriatic ports. In my opinion, feeder lines should be introduced to link the northern Adriatic ports and hinterland connections should be modernised as soon as possible. I’d like to thank you for your listening. Are there any questions?

  7. Assessment criteria – 20 % of the final grade A. PREPARATION • Introduction • Conclusion • Use of linking phrases B. PRESENTATION STYLE • Eye contact and body language • Visual aids C. LANGUAGE • Grammar • Pronunciation • Speed of delivery • Questions from the audience

  8. VESSELS USED FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF CARGO AND/OR PASSENGERS

  9. GENERAL CARGO CARRIER The purpose she serves: • To carry packed cargo in boxes, crates or bags or coming in pieces Feature(s) of design: • Derricks (ship’s) • Tweendecks • “open freighter”

  10. DRY BULK CARRIER The purpose she serves: • To carry dry bulk cargo Feature(s) of design: • Holds are divided into compartments (stability) • Self-trimming holds (rolling circumstances, list)

  11. TANKER The purpose she serves: • To carry liquid cargo Feature(s) of design: • Double bottoms and hulls • Divided into compartments by bulkheads • Cofferdams (pump rooms)

  12. CONTAINER SHIP The purpose she serves: • To carry containerized cargo (general, liquid, refrigerated) Feature(s) of design: • Cells • Gantry cranes

  13. RO/RO SHIP The purpose she serves: • To carry wheeled cargo Feature(s) of design: • No cargo handling equipment • Ramps • Bow and stern doors

  14. COASTER The purpose she serves: • To carry cargo along the coast or on sea voyages Feature(s) of design: • Engine room is aft • No tweendecks • Broad hatches • Transverse strengthening

  15. REEFER The purpose she serves: • To carry perishable cargoes. Feature(s) of design: • Temperature and humidity controls • Refrigerating plants

  16. LASH-VESSEL The purpose she serves: • To carry lighters Feature(s) of design: • Flat main deck with no obstacles • Derricks or pumping system to load/discharge lighters

  17. HEAVY LOAD VESSEL The purpose she serves: • To lift and carry extremely heavy cargoes Feature(s) of design: • Booms, masts and lifting blocks • Flat main deck • Powerful pumping system

  18. TIMBER CARRIER The purpose she serves: • To carry timber Feature(s) of design: • Tall derricks • Timber load-line

  19. MULTI-LOAD VESSEL The purpose she serves: • To carry general cargo, bulk cargo and containerized cargo Feature(s) of design: • Variety of cargo handling gears • Subdivided into compartments

  20. VESSELS USED FOR ASSISTANCE AND SERVICE

  21. TUG The purpose she serves: • To assist other vessels when entering or leaving the port, assist with a salvage operation Feature(s) of design: • Powerful engines • CPP with adjustable blades • Bow and stern thrusters • Clear aft deck

  22. SALVAGE VESSEL The purpose she serves: • To rescue other ships or their cargo from loss at sea Feature(s) of design: • Heavy derricks (wrecks)

  23. BUOYAGE VESSEL The purpose she serves: • To place and maintain buoys Feature(s) of design: • Flat aft deck • Hoisting installation

  24. SURVEY SHIP The purpose she serves: • To perform marine research Feature(s) of design: • Oceanographic instruments

  25. SUPPLY VESSEL The purpose she serves: • To supply oil rigs with stores and spare parts (towing of rigs, extinguishing fires) Feature(s) of design: • High-capacity fire extinguishing pumps

  26. SAR-VESSEL The purpose she serves: • To perform search and rescue operations Feature(s) of design: • Powerful engines • Communication instruments

  27. FIREFLOAT The purpose she serves: • To fight against fire Feature(s) of design: • Powerful fire-extinguishing system

  28. PILOT TENDER The purpose she serves: • To transport the pilot to the ship that requested pilotage Feature(s) of design: • Sheltered aft deck

  29. CABLE LAYER The purpose she serves: • To lay cables on the bottom of the sea Feature(s) of design: • Huge horizontal wheel (reeling off cables) • Dynamic Positioning System

  30. ICEBREAKER The purpose she serves: • To ride up the ice and crush a way through for other ships Feature(s) of design: • Powerful engine • Strengthening of her stem

  31. DREDGER The purpose she serves: • To deepen out harbours, ports, fairways, approaches and entrances Feature(s) of design: • Integrated hopper • Spud system • Cutterhead • Bucket, grab or suction system

  32. FISHERMAN

  33. FISHERMAN The purpose she serves: • To catch and process fish Feature(s) of design: • Refrigerating plants • deep-freezing facilities • RSW tanks • Powerful winches

  34. Types of vessels – revision (79/2) • T • F (can be various commodities) • T • T • F (very large crude carrier) • F (liquefied) • F (rows – abeam, bays – fore to aft, tiers – layers) • F (wheeled) • F (ice breaker) • F (sinking, then it emerges again)

  35. Types of vessels – revision (79/2) 11. T 12. T 13. F (in position) 14. F (fore, on the aft deck) 15. F (stems) 16. F (places and maintains) 17. T 18. F (marine research) 19. F (S&R operations) 20. F (weight)

  36. Types of vessels – revision (76/3) A – 19 B – 13 C – 10 D – 17 E – 23 F – 15 G – 21 H – 1 I – 2 J – 12 K – 3 L – 5

  37. Types of vessels – revision (76/3) M – 14 N – 16 O – 20 P – 7 Q – 18 R – 22 S – 6 T – 4 U – 11 V – 9 W – 8

  38. General arrangement plan (85/2) • Main deck – weather or upper deck (glavni krov) • Forecastle (deck) – foremost part of the upper deck (stan) • Tweendeck – intermediate deck between the main deck and the tanktop. It divides the vessel into holds (medkrovje) • Lower deck (tanktop) – top side of the tanks section or double bottom (spodnji krov) • Upper/lower hold – spaces for cargo (zgornje/spodnje skladišče) • Forepeak/afterpeak tanks (FPT and APT) – foremost (e.g. ballasting) and aftmost (e.g. Steering gear compartment) spaces (premčni in krmni pretežni tank/pik)

  39. General arrangement plan (85/2) • Chain locker – storage of the anchor chain (verižnica) • Boatswain’s locker – for ropes, paint, dunnage (shramba vodje krova) • Collision bulkheads – are forepeak (FPB) and afterpeak (APB) bulkheads, they prevent flooding and are fire-retarding (fireproof), (premčna in krmna prestrežna pregrada) • Engine room – watertight machinery space (strojnica) • Steering engine room – watertight compartment (strojnica krmilne naprave) • Double bottom – for strength, provides storage (dvojno dno) • Cofferdam – transverse or longitudinal spaces that prevent leakage (vmesni prostor) • Superstructure – accommodation for crew and passengers, messroom (jedilnica), galley (kuhinja) and pantries (shramba).

  40. General arrangement plan(p. 82 – The upper deck) Which English words found on p. 82 correspond to these Slovene terms? desna krmna stran desna premčna stran desna stran krmni krov leva krmna stran leva premčna stran leva stran naprej nazaj pravokotno na bok sredina ladje središčnica stan

  41. General arrangement plan(p. 82 – The upper deck) – keys • Fore-and-aft line – središčnica • Starboard side – desna stran • Portside – leva stran • Abeam – pravokotno na bok • Ahead – naprej • Astern – nazaj • Foremost deck – stan • Midships – sredina ladje • Quarterdeck – krmni krov • Starboard bow – desna premčna stran • Port bow – leva premčna stran • Starboard quarter – desna krmna stran • Port quarter – leva krmna stran

  42. Additional vocabulary exercise, pp. 83-84 • chartroom • stem • wheelhouse • wing tank • collision • extreme fore end • freighters • hatches • longitudinal and transverse • lubricating oil • potable water • propulsion plant

  43. General arrangement plan- revision – p. 87 • F (port, starboard) • T • F (lower deck) • F (bow : quarter) • F (FPB : APB) • T • F (chain : chain locker) • T • F (chain only) • T • F (spaces not bulkheads) • F (1: 2)

  44. Types of vessels – revision (page 1) • Liner (not tramp) • not cargo coming in bulk • Not edible oils • Submerging (not emerging) • Fore to aft (not port to starboard) • Cargo vessels (not passenger vessels) • Derricks (not cranes) • Stems (not sterns) • Embark (not disembark) • Fire-fighting (not fire-retarding) • Volume (not displacement)

  45. General arrangement plan – revision (page 1) • Centre line (not upper deck) • Stern (not bow) • Holds (not hatches) • Not for cargo • Longitudinal (not transverse)

  46. Matching – p. 91/2 • GRT (4) • Cargo carrying capacity (7) • Net tonnage (5) • Bale space (8) • Grain space (9) • Deadweight (6) • Upthrust (2) • Loaded draft (12) • Ullage space (11) • Oil space (10) • Buoyancy (3) • Moulded depth (14) • Moulded breadth (13)

  47. Matching – p. 91/2 • Beam (15) • Freeboard (20) • LPP (25) • Draft (16) • LOA (22) • Aft perpendicular (24) • Salt-water draft (18) • UKC (21) • Air draft (19) • Fore perpendicular (23) • Summer freeboard (17) • Displacement (1)

  48. Ship measurement – p. 93/3 • displaces • upthrust / weight • buoyancy / gravity • weight / weight / displaced • enclosed • deducting / gross • dues • contents (cargo, bunkers, equipment, stores) • LOA • LPP • summer loadline (CWL)

  49. Ship measurement – p. 93/3 • intersection / stem • moulded breadth • moulded depth • breadth • draft • air draft • freeboard • UKC

  50. Ship measurement – p. 95/2 • mass (not volume) • T • equal to (not greater than) • contents and vessel (not only contents) • T • that are NOT used for cargo • T • of the vessel only (and not also her contents) • T • T