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IMPROVING TEACHING Methods . Presenters : Zainah AL-Ghamdi Michele Thurston Geraldine Frasier . Workshop Time Table. Objectives: K) Staff will be able to identify teaching strategies that can be used in clinical and non- clinical area.

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improving teaching methods

IMPROVING TEACHING Methods

Presenters :

Zainah AL-Ghamdi

Michele Thurston

Geraldine Frasier

slide3
Improving Teaching Methods
  • Objectives:
    • K)Staff will be able to identify teaching strategies that can be used in clinical and non- clinical area.
    • S) Attendees will demonstrate skills and strategies for teaching.
    • A) Staff will recognize the appropriate of using a particular teaching method according to situation.
  • Intended Audience:
  • KSA INTAPT 2013/2014 group. INTAPT instructors.

“Coming together is a beginning. Keeping together is progress. Working together is success.”

- Henry Ford

slide4
Improving Teaching Methods

Ice breaker

Wish / Dream

Best memory

Travel

Food

Hobbies

Family

slide5
Improving Teaching Methods

5 minutes

Handout Page:3

general teaching adult learning theory learner centered

General Teaching Adult Learning Theory – “learner centered”

Presenter : Zainah AL-Ghamdi

adult learning theory
Improving Teaching MethodsAdult Learning Theory
  • Malcolm Knowles “ Father of adult learning theory “.
    • Six Characteristics of adult learners:
  • Adults are internally motivated and self-directed
  • Adults bring life experiences and knowledge to learning experiences
  • Adults are goal oriented
  • Adults are relevancy oriented
  • Adults are practical
  • Adult learners like to be respected
how do you know what their needs are
Improving Teaching MethodsHow do you know what their needs are ?
  • Example : Needs assessment (K-W-L). Handout Page : 4
slide10
Improving Teaching Methods
  • Needs Assessment
    • Needs Assessments are used to :
      • Identify strategic priorities.
      • Define results to be accomplished
      • Guide decisions related to appropriate actions to be taken
      • Effective way to determine what your students want to learn , and what they feel they need to learn .
      • Can be elaborate or very simple
      • Appropriate to level of the students.
slide13
Improving Teaching Methods

knowledge of one's learning styles can be used to increase self-awareness about their strengths and weaknesses as learners. encouraging learners to become knowledgeable about their own learning and that of others.

summary
Improving Teaching Methods Summary
  • Be the guide on the side.
  • Clear objectives .
  • Make it relevant to their life experience.
  • Consider students goals and needs prior starting .
  • Implement different teaching methods .
activity
Improving Teaching MethodsActivity
  • Draw a caricature of how teaching was and how it transformed . From a Non- Learner Centered to Learner – Centered approach .
teaching in the clinical area

Teaching in the Clinical Area.

Presenter: Geraldine Fraser

best clinical teachers
Best Clinical Teachers
  • From a students perception what qualities make a good clinical instructor?

Discuss in groups.

reflective practice
Reflective Practice
  • The recalling of thoughts and memories from past experiences.
  • Construction of new knowledge by critical examination of previous knowledge and feelings.
reflection in practice
Reflection in practice.

What was the experience?

Establish a climate of trust.

How do I feel?

Can I can compare this to another experience?

Would I do anything differently?

coaching
Coaching

Collaborative relationship.

Time Limited and Focused.

Encourage.

Motivate.

Instill confidence.

one minute preceptor model
One Minute Preceptor Model
  • Get a commitment.
  • Probe for supporting evidence.
  • Reinforce what was done right.
  • Correct mistakes
  • Teach a general principle
  • Conclusion.
case b ased teaching and clinical problem solving
Case Based Teaching and Clinical Problem Solving
  • Adults are motivated to learn by more socially relevant topics.
  • Adult learners have immediate application for problem solving.

(Knowles,2008).

slide29

‘’THEY MAY FORGET WHAT YOU SAID BUT THEY WILL NEVER FORGET HOW YOU MADE THEM FEEL’’

Carol Buchner

objectives
OBJECTIVES
  • Discuss/ Demonstrate effective teaching methods which can be utilized with individuals, as well as small and large groups
teaching tips
TEACHING TIPS
  • Identify opportunities for teaching
  • Enable learning in your everyday practice
  • Plan ahead
  • Set agenda
  • Create a positive atmosphere
  • Focus on task at hand
  • Promote individual involvement
teaching tips1
TEACHING TIPS
  • Vary teaching methods
  • Provide relevant information
  • Observe group process/Promote team building and collaboration
  • Summarize group discussion
  • Evaluate

MAKE IT FUN

teaching and learning methods
TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS
  • Prepare, Prepare and Prepare
  • Facilitate the integration of knowledge, skills and attitudes (enable)
  • Interact, share and learn in groups
  • Explain
  • Discuss
  • Debate
teaching and learning methods1
TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS
  • Seminars and tutorials
  • Computer based teaching and learning
  • Problem based learning
  • Feedback and reflective practice
  • Icebreaking activities – builds trust, respect and support
  • Role plays
  • Simulations and games
  • Quizzes/Scavenger Hunts
  • Power points/videos
teaching methods
TEACHING METHODS
  • Questions and quizzes
  • Handouts and Diagrams
  • Data analysis and interpretation
  • Brainstorms and buzz group
  • Problems and cases
  • Group Dynamics/Managing the group
  • Lectures
  • Small group teaching methods and discussion techniques
learning centredness
‘LEARNING CENTREDNESS’
  • Use a learner centered approach i.e. putting the learner’s needs at the center of activities
teaching strategies
TEACHING STRATEGIES

PREPARE

  • Choose your topic
  • Research your audience
  • Brainstorm
  • Identify learning outcomes
  • Produce a lesson plan and comfortable learning environment
  • Prepare the learners/Learning Plans
  • Deliver
  • Reflect
characteristics
CHARACTERISTICS
  • Enthusiastic
  • Organized/Prepared
  • Understanding/Empathetic
  • Skills in teaching and managing learning
  • Facilitator
  • Flexible/Fair
  • Respectful
conclusion
CONCLUSION

TEACHING IS A FORM OF COMMUNICATION

objective
OBJECTIVE
  • Describe essential elements of communication in group facilitation
slide42

Communication skills are the foundation for group facilitation – individual and group level

  • Group facilitation skills are designed to create a sense of connection within an entire group, between group members as well as with the leader.
slide43

Communication

7%

Words

55%

Body Language

38%

Tone & Inflection

non verbal
Non-Verbal
  • Eye contact
  • Body language
  • Posture
  • Facial Expressions
  • Gestures
  • Vocal patterns
barriers to communication
Barriers to Communication
  • Beliefs and expectations
  • Multi-cultures/ Language/Accents
  • Male/female
  • Age
  • Medical condition
  • Stress
summary1
SUMMARY
  • Be real, direct and genuine
  • Sense of humor
  • Empathetic
  • Interested in Group Discussion
  • Create a safe and comfortable environment
  • Encourage open and honest reflection
conclusion1
CONCLUSION
  • Communication skills – the human connection is the key to successful group facilitation
skills for group interaction
SKILLS FOR GROUP INTERACTION
  • Active Listening with Attending Behaviors – appropriate eye contact, attentive body language and vocal style that indicates interest
  • Open Invitation to Talk/Teams
  • Encouraging and Paraphrasing
  • Reflective feelings
  • Clarification/Summarization
facilitation characteristics
FACILITATION CHARACTERISTICS
  • Group facilitation skills are designed to create a sense of connection with an entire group, between group members including the leader.
  • The secret of great facilitation is a group process that flows – with it will flow the group’s ideas, solutions and decisions.
faciltators tool box
FACILTATORS TOOL BOX
  • Ice breakers - Easing group contribution
  • Flip Charts/Posters/Art/Games and other teaching aides
  • Multi-voting – Choosing fairly between many options
  • Brainstorming – Generating many radical ideas
  • Role playing – Preparing for difficult situations
facilitators strategies
FACILITATORS STRATEGIES
  • Strategy Tools – Tools and techniques that help you develop creative solutions to the problems
  • Creativity tools – Tools that help you develop creative solutions to problems
  • Problem solving tools
  • Decision making techniques
remember
REMEMBER
  • Set Ground Rules
  • Set the scene
  • Get things flowing
  • Keep up momentum and energy
  • Listen, engage and include
  • Monitor checkpoints and summarize
slide54

Create a group process and an environment in which it can flourish

  • Enable the group to reach a successful decision, solution or conclusion
summary2
SUMMARY
  • Establish rapport
  • Good communication skills – verbal and non verbal
  • Good problem solving and listening skills
  • Provide a comfortable and safe learning environment
  • Use effective learning methods – icebreakers, power points, videos, role playing, brainstorming etc.
slide56

TELL ME,

I FORGET.

  • SHOW ME,

I REMEMBER.

  • INVOLVE ME,

I UNDERSTAND.

Ancient Chinese proverb

Ancient Chinese proverb