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METHODS OF TEACHING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Just like this beautiful picture is needed to make this PPT interesting and attractive, different techniques in teaching are needed to do the same for an effective teaching learning process. METHODS OF TEACHING. A. Dramatization method.

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Presentation Transcript
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Just like this beautiful picture is needed to make this PPT interesting and attractive, different techniques in teaching are needed to do the same for an effective teaching learning process.

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According to a famous educator named Betty Jane Wagner, “Drama is powerful because its unique balance of thought and feeling makes learning exciting, challenging, relevant to real-life concerns and enjoyable.”

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WHAT IS DRAMA?

Drama is the act of using the imagination to become someone or something other than yourself. It can take one any place at any period of time.

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Features of dramatization method :-

1. Drama is a natural, innate form of learning for children.

2. Drama is a way of life. We naturally use drama to learn, explore and solve problems in new and difficult situations.

3. Drama is a great way to develop basic social and problem solving skills thus helping a child become a life long learner.

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Research indicates that drama is effective in teaching the elementary curriculum. It can easily be adapted and integrated to teach all subject areas. It is proven to be successful through personal experiences, recent brain research, and a study of widely accepted learning theories.

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“Human beings are storytelling primates.” (Perry 1)

The earliest forms of storytelling were thoughtto have been primarily oral combined with gestures and expressions.

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What is Story telling?

Storytelling is the conveying of events in words, images and sounds, often by improvisation or embellishment. Stories or narratives have been shared in every culture as a means of entertainment, education, cultural preservation and to instill moral values. Crucial elements of stories and storytelling include plot, characters and narrative point of view.

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Features of story telling method :-

1. Humans think in narrative structures and most often remember facts in story form.

2. Storytelling can supplement analytical thinking.

3. While the story listener is engaged, they are able to imagine new perspectives, inviting a transformative and empathetic experience.

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Stories are effective educational tools because listeners become engaged and therefore remember. The challenge for each teacher is to find ways to engage the child and take advantage of the novelty-seeking property of the human brain to facilitate learning

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Role playing is a methodology derived from socio-drama that may be used to help students understand the more subtle aspects of literature, social studies, and even some aspects of science or mathematics.

Further, it can help them become more interested and involved, not only learning about the material, but learning also to integrate the knowledge in action, by addressing problems, exploring alternatives, and seeking novel and creative solutions.

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Role-playing activities help introduce student to “real-world” situations (Oberle,2004, p 199).

Role playing is the best way to develop the skills of initiative, communication, problem-solving, self-awareness, and working cooperatively in teams, and these are above all--certainly above the learning of mere facts, many if not most of which will be obsolete or irrelevant in a few years--will help these young people be prepared for dealing with the challenges of the Twenty-First Century.

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Thus with a combination of all these methodologies, the teaching-learning process becomes fun for students rather than a drab and forceful situation.

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Hence a teacher should make it a point to use different teaching methodologies that involve the participation of students , thus making them an active learner rather than a passive one.