Chapter 11 political developments in the early republic
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Chapter 11: Political Developments in the Early Republic. The Federal Judiciary Act. 1 . Set up the federal court system 2. Appointed 5 justices and 1 chief justice to the US Supreme Court 3. John Jay was the 1 st chief justice

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The federal judiciary act
The Federal Judiciary Act

1. Set up the federal court system

2. Appointed 5 justices and 1 chief justice to the US Supreme Court

3. John Jay was the 1st chief justice

4. John Jay was a lawyer and negotiated the Treaty of Paris


Washington s cabinet
Washington’s Cabinet

1. Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson

  • Handled relations between the US and other countries

    2. Secretary of War: Henry Knox

  • Trusted general during the Revolutionary War

    3. Secretary of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton

  • Raised money and handled government finances

    4. Attorney General: Edmund Randolph

  • Chief legal advisor to the President


The whiskey rebellion
The Whiskey Rebellion

  • Farmers in western Pennsylvania didn’t like paying taxes

  • Turned grain into whiskey because it was cheaper to transport

  • Washington and 13,000 state militia went to PA to squash the rebellion

  • GW proved the Federal government would not put up with such rebellions


The french revolution
The French Revolution

  • French people rebelled against their king.

  • Many Americans liked/supported this idea.

  • Jefferson and his followers began calling themselves the Democratic-Republicans or Republicans

  • Hamilton and his followers didn’t like the French rebellion and began calling themselves Federalists


Washington s farewell address
Washington’s Farewell Address

  • Growing tension between Federalists and Democratic-Republicans caused GW to serve a 2nd term

  • Urged people to remember

    why they fought for

    independence

  • Warned people of the

    danger of political parties

  • Worried about getting involved in foreign affairs


Economic problems of the us
Economic Problems of the US

1. The government needed MONEY!

  • Taxes?

  • Tariffs?

  • How to get the money?

    2. The government needed to pay back its debts

  • Owed money to France, Netherlands, Spain, and other individuals---52 million dollars

  • Individual states borrowed money--- 25 million dollars

    =77 million dollars in debt



Hamilton s financial plan
Hamilton’s Financial Plan $1,038,942,591

1. Hamilton believed in a strong federal government that encouraged business and industry

2. Hamilton had little faith in ordinary citizens

3. Hamilton’s 3 Part Plan

A. Pay off the war debt

B. Raise government revenue

C. National bank


Hamilton s 3 part plan
Hamilton’s 3 Part Plan $1,038,942,591

1. Pay off the war debt

  • Problem with the northern states that still owed money

  • Compromise reached: southern states agreed to help pay the northern states’ debt if the US capital was placed in the South.

    2. Raise government revenue (money)

  • Tariff- tax on foreign goods which encouraged Americans to buy US made goods

    3. National Bank

  • Safe place to keep money

  • Could issue paper money

  • Could make loans to the government and the people


Views of the constitution loose vs strict construction
Views of the Constitution $1,038,942,591Loose vs. Strict Construction

  • Loose Construction

  • Supported by Alexander Hamilton (Federalist party)

  • Believed that money was more valuable than land

  • Believed they could do whatever the Constitution did not prohibit them from doing

  • The Constitution doesn’t not say they couldn’t make a National Bank, so they could do it


Loose construction vs strict construction
Loose Construction vs. $1,038,942,591Strict Construction


Chapter 11 political developments in the early republic

2. $1,038,942,591Strict Construction

  • Supported by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison (Democrat-Republican party)

  • Believed land was more valuable than money

  • Believed people only had the power to do what the Constitution says they can do

  • Constitution doesn’t say anything about a National Bank, so there can’t be one

  • Feared banks would create money and power hungry men


11 6 john adams presidency
11.6 John Adams’ Presidency $1,038,942,591

  • John Adams, Federalist,

    is President

  • Thomas Jefferson, Democratic-Republican, Vice President

  • This is problem!


Alien and sedition acts
Alien and Sedition Acts $1,038,942,591

  • Federalists passed these laws to protect the US from foreigners who might be a threat.

  • Alien Act

    • Lengthened the time aliens could become citizens

    • 5 to 14 years in US

  • Sedition Act

    • Speaking or printing unfavorable things about the government (Federalists) could land you in jail

    • Lengthened the time aliens could become citizens

    • 5 to 14 years in US

      Made to keep the Federalists in power!


Virginia and kentucky resolutions
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions $1,038,942,591

  • An attempt for states to protest the Alien and Sedition Acts

  • Didn’t work

  • But did begin talk about States’ Rights Theory


11 7 and 11 8 the election of 1800
11.7 and 11.8 The Election of 1800 $1,038,942,591

  • Jefferson and Burr (Dem-Rep) vs. Adams and Pinckney (Fed)

  • People wanted Hamilton to be President but he was born in the Caribbean and was not eligible

    • Jefferson = 73 votes

    • Burr = 73 votes

    • Adams = 65


Resolution and the 12 th amendment
Resolution and the 12 $1,038,942,591th Amendment

  • Hamilton persuaded Congressmen to vote for Jefferson over Burr…what??? I thought they hated each other!

  • Jefferson won the election

  • Burr kills Hamilton in a dual…really???

  • 12th Amendment changed

    things so a tie couldn’t

    happen again


Chapter 11 reading check
Chapter 11 Reading Check $1,038,942,591

1. Who was in Washington’s cabinet?

2. What was learned by the Whiskey Rebellion?

3. What did GW warn in his farewell address?

4. Explain the difference between a loose and strict constructionist.

5. How did the Alien and Sedition Acts keep the Federalists in power?

6. What problem did the 12th Amendment resolve?