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CRCT Review

CRCT Review

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CRCT Review

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  1. CRCT Review

  2. Southwest Asia Map

  3. Bodies of Water in the Middle East

  4. Scarce “not a lot of” Abundant “a lot of” Water Oil Resources

  5. Oil Production • How has an abundance of Oil and Organization of OPEC affected the economies of SW Asia (Middle East)?

  6. How have deserts and rivers affected population and where people live?

  7. Ethnic Something you cannot change Persians Kurds Arabs Religious Something you choose to practice Islam Christianity Judaism Ethnic vs. Religious

  8. Sunni/ Shia Split

  9. Literacy Rate and Standard of Living • Literacy Rate • The % of people in a country (15+) who can read and write Literacy Rate Standard of Living

  10. DISTRIBUTION OF POWER

  11. UNITARY Unitary – Where the power is. Characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority. LAWS ARE MADE IN ONE PLACE WHICH IS THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT (This is the capital of the country). MOST COUNTRIES ARE UNITARY

  12. CONFEDERATION Confederations usually come together to problem solve. Voluntary association of independent states, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action and establish some joint machinery of consultation or deliberation Example: OPEC CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA (during civil war)

  13. FEDERAL Federal - Where the power is. Characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between in central and several regional authorities Laws are made by the central governments and regional governments. Example: USA

  14. CITIZENS PARTICIPATION IN GOVERNMENT

  15. AUTOCRATICCitizens have no or little sayExample: King or Dictator

  16. OLIGARCHIC Oligarchic (oli-gar-kick) – Who? A select group. Government by the few, sometimes in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has a very limited role.

  17. DEMOCRATIC Democratic –All people are represented in the government . WHO? A government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving free elections.

  18. FORMS OF DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT

  19. PARLIAMENTARY Parliamentary A system of Government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of member of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to legislature. May have prime minister elected by the legislature

  20. PRESIDENTIAL Presidential A system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature

  21. Middle Eastern Government

  22. South & Eastern Asia Governments

  23. African Governments

  24. Economic Questions • What to produce • How to produce • For Whom to produce Command Free Market When people decide all three When gov’t decides all three

  25. Trade • Specialization of Trade occurs when countries have different natural, human, and capital resources and different ways of combining these resources, they are not equally efficient at producing the goods and services that their residents demand.

  26. Trade Restrictions • Trade Barrier • government policy or regulation that restricts international trade. The barriers can take many forms, including the following terms that include many restrictions in international trade within multiple countries that import and export any items of trade. Tariffs Quotas Embargos

  27. QUOTAS • A type of trade barrier that sets a physical limit on the quantity of a good that can be imported into a country in a given period of time.

  28. EMBARGO • EMBARG----NO • Restriction of trade with a specified country…

  29. TARIFFS • A tariff is a tax imposed on goods when they are moved across a political boundary. They are usually associated with protectionism, the economic policy of restraining trade between nations. For political reasons, tariffs are usually imposed on imported goods, although they may also be imposed on exported goods.

  30. Human Capital • Human Capital • Amount of money a person is capable of making

  31. Think about it… • If Sudan wanted to increase it’s GDP by increasing Human Capital what could the country do???? • Invest money into _____________ and _____________.......

  32. Capital • Capital • assets available for use in the production of further assets

  33. Think about it… • If Sudan wanted to increase it’s GDP by increasing Capital what could the country do???? • Invest money into _____________ and _____________.......

  34. Establishment of Israel • WWII • Jews were persecuted during the Holocaust in Germany • Anti-Semitism • Prejudice against or hostility towards Jews United Nations voted to divide Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab; • as accepted by Zionist leaders but rejected by Arab leaders. • Creation of Israel has led to continuing religious wars

  35. USA Foreign Involvement • Persian Gulf War • Fear of Iraq having too much control over oil after Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990 • Terrorism • USA in Afghanistan and Iraq in response to 9/11; attempting establishing democracy

  36. South and East Asian Countries

  37. South and East Asian Bodies of Water

  38. Landforms of South and East Asia

  39. Religions of South and East Asia • Buddhism • Founded in India • Siddhartha Gautama • Buddha=enlightened one • Hinduism • Founded in India • Sacred River is Ganges • Most prominent religion in India • Shintoism • Native to Japan • Confucianism • Philosophy of respecting your elders

  40. Nationalism in South and Eastern Asia • India • Mohandas Gandhi • Non-Violent Protests • Boycotted British for independence • Vietnam • Ho Chi Minh • Violent Wars • Fought French for independence

  41. US Role in Rebuilding Japan after WWII • US provided financial aid to help rebuild Japan’s economy after the dropping of the A Bombs

  42. Communism in China • Mao Zedong • Established the Communist State of China • Great Leap Forward • Resulted in economic hardship, was meant to keep up with the west • Cultural Revolution • Red Guards destroyed all of “old China” and anything that promoted knowledge other than that of the “new China” • Tiananmen Square • Educated College Students protested communism and they were brutally put down, but opened the eyes to those who followed Mao, that there are successful economies and governments that allow for freedom and choice • Ironically the same place where the Communist state of China was declared by Mao Zedong

  43. Reasons for Foreign Involvement • Vietnam War • US became involved in attempt contain communism from spreading. • Red Scare • Ultimately the Communist North defeated US and South Democratic Vietnam • Korean War • US became involved in attempt contain communism from spreading. • Red Scare • Ultimately the war was declared a stalemate and North Korea and South Korea are still 2 separate countries. • North Korea -> Communist • South Korea -> Democratic

  44. African Countries

  45. African Landforms/Regions

  46. African Rivers/Bodies of Water

  47. Desertification and Deforestation • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=2ADA4EF9-28BF-48CD-A8E8-BC6122DFCEEF&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Deforestation • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=5D9B1FAC-2827-4440-B4C0-DCC4E98D7547&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Desertification

  48. African Ethnic Groups • Bantu • Southern Africa • Most practice Traditional Religions • Ashanti • Western Africa • Traditional, Christianity, and Islam is practiced • Swahili • Eastern Africa • Islam and Traditional • Arab • Northern Africa • Most practice Islam and Christianity

  49. Effects of Natural Resources in Africa • Gold, Uranium, and Diamonds • South Africa • Increases trade, mining, and foreign interest in the Country • Oil • Nigeria • Government has focused attention to oil, and other sectors of the economy have suffered

  50. European Imperialism in Africa • Artificial Boundaries set up by European Countries led to… • civil wars between tribes in Europe