Scarce “not a lot of” Abundant “a lot of” Water Oil Resources
Oil Production • How has an abundance of Oil and Organization of OPEC affected the economies of SW Asia (Middle East)?
Ethnic Something you cannot change Persians Kurds Arabs Religious Something you choose to practice Islam Christianity Judaism Ethnic vs. Religious
Literacy Rate and Standard of Living • Literacy Rate • The % of people in a country (15+) who can read and write Literacy Rate Standard of Living
UNITARY Unitary – Where the power is. Characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority. LAWS ARE MADE IN ONE PLACE WHICH IS THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT (This is the capital of the country). MOST COUNTRIES ARE UNITARY
CONFEDERATION Confederations usually come together to problem solve. Voluntary association of independent states, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action and establish some joint machinery of consultation or deliberation Example: OPEC CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA (during civil war)
FEDERAL Federal - Where the power is. Characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between in central and several regional authorities Laws are made by the central governments and regional governments. Example: USA
OLIGARCHIC Oligarchic (oli-gar-kick) – Who? A select group. Government by the few, sometimes in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has a very limited role.
DEMOCRATIC Democratic –All people are represented in the government . WHO? A government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving free elections.
PARLIAMENTARY Parliamentary A system of Government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of member of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to legislature. May have prime minister elected by the legislature
PRESIDENTIAL Presidential A system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature
Economic Questions • What to produce • How to produce • For Whom to produce Command Free Market When people decide all three When gov’t decides all three
Trade • Specialization of Trade occurs when countries have different natural, human, and capital resources and different ways of combining these resources, they are not equally efficient at producing the goods and services that their residents demand.
Trade Restrictions • Trade Barrier • government policy or regulation that restricts international trade. The barriers can take many forms, including the following terms that include many restrictions in international trade within multiple countries that import and export any items of trade. Tariffs Quotas Embargos
QUOTAS • A type of trade barrier that sets a physical limit on the quantity of a good that can be imported into a country in a given period of time.
EMBARGO • EMBARG----NO • Restriction of trade with a specified country…
TARIFFS • A tariff is a tax imposed on goods when they are moved across a political boundary. They are usually associated with protectionism, the economic policy of restraining trade between nations. For political reasons, tariffs are usually imposed on imported goods, although they may also be imposed on exported goods.
Human Capital • Human Capital • Amount of money a person is capable of making
Think about it… • If Sudan wanted to increase it’s GDP by increasing Human Capital what could the country do???? • Invest money into _____________ and _____________.......
Capital • Capital • assets available for use in the production of further assets
Think about it… • If Sudan wanted to increase it’s GDP by increasing Capital what could the country do???? • Invest money into _____________ and _____________.......
Establishment of Israel • WWII • Jews were persecuted during the Holocaust in Germany • Anti-Semitism • Prejudice against or hostility towards Jews United Nations voted to divide Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab; • as accepted by Zionist leaders but rejected by Arab leaders. • Creation of Israel has led to continuing religious wars
USA Foreign Involvement • Persian Gulf War • Fear of Iraq having too much control over oil after Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990 • Terrorism • USA in Afghanistan and Iraq in response to 9/11; attempting establishing democracy
Religions of South and East Asia • Buddhism • Founded in India • Siddhartha Gautama • Buddha=enlightened one • Hinduism • Founded in India • Sacred River is Ganges • Most prominent religion in India • Shintoism • Native to Japan • Confucianism • Philosophy of respecting your elders
Nationalism in South and Eastern Asia • India • Mohandas Gandhi • Non-Violent Protests • Boycotted British for independence • Vietnam • Ho Chi Minh • Violent Wars • Fought French for independence
US Role in Rebuilding Japan after WWII • US provided financial aid to help rebuild Japan’s economy after the dropping of the A Bombs
Communism in China • Mao Zedong • Established the Communist State of China • Great Leap Forward • Resulted in economic hardship, was meant to keep up with the west • Cultural Revolution • Red Guards destroyed all of “old China” and anything that promoted knowledge other than that of the “new China” • Tiananmen Square • Educated College Students protested communism and they were brutally put down, but opened the eyes to those who followed Mao, that there are successful economies and governments that allow for freedom and choice • Ironically the same place where the Communist state of China was declared by Mao Zedong
Reasons for Foreign Involvement • Vietnam War • US became involved in attempt contain communism from spreading. • Red Scare • Ultimately the Communist North defeated US and South Democratic Vietnam • Korean War • US became involved in attempt contain communism from spreading. • Red Scare • Ultimately the war was declared a stalemate and North Korea and South Korea are still 2 separate countries. • North Korea -> Communist • South Korea -> Democratic
Desertification and Deforestation • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=2ADA4EF9-28BF-48CD-A8E8-BC6122DFCEEF&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Deforestation • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=5D9B1FAC-2827-4440-B4C0-DCC4E98D7547&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US Desertification
African Ethnic Groups • Bantu • Southern Africa • Most practice Traditional Religions • Ashanti • Western Africa • Traditional, Christianity, and Islam is practiced • Swahili • Eastern Africa • Islam and Traditional • Arab • Northern Africa • Most practice Islam and Christianity
Effects of Natural Resources in Africa • Gold, Uranium, and Diamonds • South Africa • Increases trade, mining, and foreign interest in the Country • Oil • Nigeria • Government has focused attention to oil, and other sectors of the economy have suffered
European Imperialism in Africa • Artificial Boundaries set up by European Countries led to… • civil wars between tribes in Europe