figurative language n.
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Figurative Language. Mrs. Doepke. Apostrophe. Calling out an imaginary, dead or absent person, place, thing or abstract idea (also called an Invocation when directly addressing a god or goddess). Connotation.

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Presentation Transcript
apostrophe

Apostrophe

Calling out an imaginary, dead or absent person, place, thing or abstract idea (also called an Invocation when directly addressing a god or goddess).

connotation

Connotation

The associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase (in contrast to Denotation, which is the dictionary definition of a word).

allegory

Allegory

Characters, settings and events stand for abstract ideas; a short moral story (often with animal characters).

irony

Irony

A contrast between expectations and reality.

hyperbole

Hyperbole

An exaggerated statement used for effect; not meant to be taken literally.

juxtaposition

Juxtaposition

Normally unassociated ideas, words or phrases are placed next to one another, creating an effect or surprise or wit.

oxymoron

Oxymoron

A combination of opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.

inversion

Inversion

Changing the logical, normal construction of a sentence for effect (also known as Anastrophe); standard word order = subject + verb.

metonymy

Metonymy

A person, place or thing is referred to by something closely associated with it.

onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia

A word that is spelled like it sounds.

slide12

Pun

A play on words based on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but have different meanings.

synecdoche

Synecdoche

A part is used to represent the whole (P=W), a whole is used to represent a part (W=P), the specific is used to represent the general (S=G), the general is used to represent the specific (G=S), or an ingredient within an item represents the product (I=P).

repetition

Repetition

Repeating a word, phrase or line over and over as a rhetorical device.

sensory imagery

Sensory Imagery

Language that appeals to the five senses; word choice that creates a vivid image for the audience.

malapropism

Malapropism

Unintentional use of a word that resembles the word intended but has a very different meaning.

euphemism

Euphemism

Using a more agreeable or less offensive term to describe something that would be less agreeable or offensive.

symbolism

Symbolism

Something tangible or visible is used to represent something that is universal or abstract; something you can touch or feel represents something that cannot be physically measured.

simile

Simile

Comparing two things using "like" or “as."

metaphor

Metaphor

Comparing two things without using "like" or "as"; transforming something into something else.

kenning

Kenning

Hyphenating two nouns to create a noun that is metaphoric in meaning.

personification

Personification

A type of metaphor (comparison) in which a non-human thing is given human characteristics.